Academic journal article Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal

Are Women's Attitudes toward Business and Desire to Start a Business Different from Men's?

Academic journal article Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal

Are Women's Attitudes toward Business and Desire to Start a Business Different from Men's?

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

As companies run by women and women's activeness of starting up a business are increasing throughout the industry, attention and support of women's business and women entrepreneurs have been increasing. Especially debating on social concern, research, and government support policies are increasing as growing in small scale women entrepreneurs, increasing in size of self-employed businesswomen, and rising in women centered family-run company. Women have the abilities like to coping actively with the labor market, delicacy, creativity are highlighted in the uncertain labor market and in the economic environment. Therefore, social concern has increased even more in women entrepreneurship and the companies that are run by women.

In other countries, woman running a company is generalized but youth employment is still a serious social problem. In our case, we do not accept establishment and running a corporation yet to be the field of women. Recently, Ministry of Labor and Small & Medium Business Corporation (SBC) are providing education on establishing a business and support in various ways. However, they do not offer enough programs for women still. The reason is lack of social considerations, lack of research and investigation, and insufficient government's support program. Therefore, in the future, the expansion of research for small and medium sized corporations managed by independent businesswomen, family businesses run by women managers, and comparative analysis of men and women business operations and entrepreneurship should proceed.

Direct and indirect employment discrimination and gender inequality after employment from labor market (Example: promotion, wage) are still visibly and invisibly present. Therefore, women consider entrepreneurship as an alternative of employment. However, not only women entrepreneurs and businesswomen still have difficulties in the company but also at the same time they have hardship in the household as employed housewives.

In the case of overseas, studies on women entrepreneurs, women business, and the family company have been proceeding actively. Based on the research result, support of a government and a variety of entrepreneurship and business support policy have been established. Nevertheless, in our case, researches and studies on women entrepreneurship and business are insufficient. Also comparing legislation and government policy on women entrepreneurship and business to other countries cases, these need to be improved.

In comparative analysis study of the establishment of a business of the women and men is closely related to the present study, based on the Korean data of GEM of (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor), including empirical analysis study of changes in Korea's female entrepreneurship propensity (Sang-Pyo Kim, Sung-Sik Ban, Dong-Hwan Jo, Jong-Hae Park, 2010), the study on the role of human capital in IT field women entrepreneurship( Bang-Ji Jeon, Mi-ra Han, 2008) and research on women company's foundation motives, success factors, and gender differences (Sang-Seok Lee, 2006). In addition, the research on the influence of the environment of women founded company and characteristics of management and the study on the impact of cooperation on the outcome (Joong-Deok Na, Seung-Ho Kim, Tak Yeol Choi, 2004), Exploratory study foundation motives of female venture business and management characteristics (Junghwa Han, Yoonjung Baek, 2003), the study of comparative analysis with the United States on establishment of women small business and the management system (BangJi Jeon, 2002), Analysis study of the difference between the percentage of self-employed men and women (Wooyoung Kim, 2001), and the analysis and study of supporting policy on the financial condition of female company (Wonseok Kim, Sooncheol Go, Oh-Bak Kwon, 2007; Youngsoon Jeong, Yeonkyung Song, 2007) are the representative studies. However, researches on female-owned business are still inadequate quantitatively as well as qualitatively compared to increasing in number of woman business and women entrepreneurs. …

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