Academic journal article International Education Studies

Analyzing Public Sector Education Facilities: A Step Further towards Accessible Basic Education Institutions in Destitute Subregions

Academic journal article International Education Studies

Analyzing Public Sector Education Facilities: A Step Further towards Accessible Basic Education Institutions in Destitute Subregions

Article excerpt


Rural subregions of the developing countries are suffering from many physical and socioeconomic problems, including scarcity of basic education institutions. The shortage of education institutions extended distance between rural localities and education institutions. Hence, to curb this problem, this research is aimed to deal with the basic education institution's shortage, according to available local standards and demographic features. This is an attempt to lower down the distance between the rural population and basic education institutions. Data were collected through interviews, field visits and from the concerned authorities of the study area. The basic education institution's shortage is determined up to the year 2035, which could help in formulating education policy plans. It is expected that local people's accessibility towards rural education institutions can be increased, which may put a positive impact on the declining literacy rate of a rural population.

Keywords: rural subregions, education institutions, local standards, demographic features, accessibility, literacy rate, rural population

1. Introduction

Education is a one of the basic human rights and a necessity for the modern developing nations (Pakistan, 1998). Education to backward societies is important as a backbone for human beings. Education is considered as a road map towards the prosperity and economic well-being of people, which can assist in fighting against socioeconomic imbalances (Psacharopoulos & Patrinos, 2004). The socioeconomic development of backward regions is directly concerned with the availability of educational facilities (Aref, 2011; Psacharopoulos, 1994). Education undoubtedly benefits not only individuals, but also cultural empowerment and a national economy. The accessible and increased basic educational facilities curtail the problems of rural areas and ensure the development process (Lasker et al., 2001). Quality education is categorized as a tool for socioeconomic changes. Literate and skilled people are the basic and important determinants of the society, which are essential for the prosperity of humanity (Schultz, 1961). The provision of basic education, especially to backward communities is obligatory for a national economy and prolonged development. A developing country, which would not pay attention to the knowledge and skills of its people, in-fact would not be able to groom itself (Hanushek, 1995). It was found that educational facilities in deprived rural regions of the developing countries are struggling to meet the needs of rural inhabitants (Asadullah, 2009). This could be mainly because of policy failure, and excessive population growth rates. The policies in these subregions were made to trounce the problems of urban areas mostly, while the rural regions always left alone on their own, without any planning programs and financial assistance. This may happen because of other burning issues, like: poverty (Zaman & Khilji, 2013); primary health (Guagliardo, 2004) and inflation (Khan & Saqib, 2011); which attracted policy makers of developing countries on a priority basis. Acute rural poverty is a challenging task for developing nations with higher growth rates of population. Poverty is highly related to low education standards, low enrollment and gender discrimination (Filmer, 2000). Lower-income families in rural regions found very hard to send their children for basic education. Because children can earn easily for their respective families as child labor is increasing with the passage of time in aloof areas of developing countries (Awan et al., 2011; Groot, 2007). Another reason may be the long-distance of education facilities from the residential neighborhoods in pastoral subregions without any road connectivity and transportation facilities, which negatively affect the enrollment of the students.

Regional transportation availabilities can play a fundamental role in up-gradation of rural education and its dropping standard (Andersson et al. …

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