Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Research on the Endogenous Problems of Rural Farmers' Spiritual and Cultural Education

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Research on the Endogenous Problems of Rural Farmers' Spiritual and Cultural Education

Article excerpt

Abstract

The author conducts research and analysis on the endogenous problems of rural farmers' spiritual and cultural education and finds that: the current endogenous problems of rural farmers' spiritual and cultural education in China are mainly manifested in the oldness of spiritual and cultural education concepts, the monotonousness of spiritual and cultural education content, the blurring of spiritual and cultural education forms, the simplicity of spiritual and cultural education methods, and the lag of spiritual and cultural education evaluation and etc. Meanwhile, the author proposes to build a scientific system of spiritual and cultural education policy, create a healthy and harmonious policy implementation atmosphere, and construct a full policy supervision system and some other policy suggestions.

Key words: Rural farmers; Spiritual and cultural education; Endogenous

INTRODUCTION

With the continuous development of economy and society, the nation's countryside has been considerably developed and rural farmers' subsistence issues have been basically resolved. However, the issues concerning "farmers, countryside and agriculture" are still a short board in the process of building a moderately prosperous society, especially issues on the inheritance and development of rural farmers' spirits and culture and they have caused great concern in the society. At the end of 2013, the Central Rural Work Conference stressed that "countryside is the birthplace of the nation's traditional civilization. Rural culture's roots cannot be broken and the countryside cannot become barren and deserted countryside or just the hometown in memory." Thus, by appropriate and effective educational methods, to plan and develop rural farmers' spirits and culture purposefully is an inevitable choice to promote our nation's countryside to transfer from single "material prosperity" to co-development of "material and spiritual prosperity". Based on that, this study chooses rural farmers as the research subject to explore the endogenous problems of rural farmers' spiritual and cultural education and it has important practical and theoretical significance.

1. LITERATURE REVIEW

1.1 Research on the Connotation of Spiritual and Cultural Education

Spiritual and cultural education is relative to material civilization. Spiritual and cultural education includes two aspects: moral education and education related to knowledge and culture and it is a significant aspect of socialist spiritual civilization education. Spiritual and cultural education develops with the development of material civilization and there is a close relationship between the two: on the one hand, the development of material civilization promotes changes of people's spirits, liberation of ideas and concepts, openness of the vision and the desire to build a new life; on the other hand, the development of material civilization continuously brings out new tasks and requirements on spiritual and cultural education. On the connotation of spiritual and cultural education, scholars have proposed their own opinions. Zhu (2006) pointed out that "spiritual and cultural education means comprehensive education of values, aesthetics, religion, consumption habits, life style, moral norms, and human behavior patterns and other factors of a nation, an ethnicity or an area" (p. 3805). The Chinese national spirits, which have formed over thousands of years, is a significant aspect of spiritual and cultural education. Yu Wenli (2006) pointed out that "broadly speaking, Chinese national spiritual education refers to education to all the national members or citizens by using Chinese national spirits and its audience and educational content is extremely broad. Specifically, Chinese national spiritual education refers to school education, especially the ideological and political education and moral education in current education system and mode, at all levels of schools, aiming at developing and shaping students by using Chinese national spirits to make them grow into qualified builders and reliable successors of our socialist cause" (p. …

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