Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

Variation of the Word Denoting the Adverbial Modifier of Purpose as to the Position in the Simple Sentences (on the Materials of the English and Azerbaijani Languages)

Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

Variation of the Word Denoting the Adverbial Modifier of Purpose as to the Position in the Simple Sentences (on the Materials of the English and Azerbaijani Languages)

Article excerpt

Abstract

The article has been written on the basis of comparative-typological method in the study of the languages (the English and Azerbaijani languages) belonging to different language systems. The main aim of the investigation is to discover similarities and distinctions in the phonetic system of the words denoting adverbial modifier of purpose in both (English and Azerbaijani) languages and to investigate the impact of the place of the word denoting adverbial modifier of purpose on the articulatory principles in both compared English and Azerbaijani languages. The problem of variation though being a new field of linguistics, for an Azerbaijani investigator, certain work has been carried out devoted to the solution of the problem. In this research work, the character of variation and the causes forming this variation are studied.

Keywords: variation, position, the adverbial modifier of purpose, cognition

1. Introduction

Depending upon this, we may point out two types of variations associated with pronunciation in the speech act: variations taking place in the level of form and meaning. Depending upon the expressed thought and cognitive preparation of the speaker simple sentences are realized in different forms, because the thoughts though being the same, their forms of realization in the speech act are in different variations depending upon the theme, situation, on the level of mastering the language, on the attitude of the speaker to the happening phenomenon, on reality and non-reality of the expressed thought, on the level of information of the speaker with the expressed action, on its social state, etc.

2. Scope of the Study

Analysis shows that in both compared languages, sentences composing of the same structure and depending on the above-mentioned factors, when being articulated, indications of acoustic parameters change (Yunusov, 2008) As a result, different variation features take place associated with normative invariant phonetic structure of the sentences, having the same syntactic structure.

The character of variation changes depending upon the mode of speech of each speaker. In order to specify these changes experiment has been used. The facts, attained by the pronunciation of three English-speaking informants have been generalized in the table below. As an example here, we introduce the table reflecting the melodic parameters attained by the pronunciations of the informants of the sentence "So they must kill her".

On the basis of analysis the variation features of the acoustic parameters (melodic, dynamic and temporal) have been discovered. Each simple sentence, depending on the purpose, consists of certain lexical units. These units are never arranged chaotically, their distribution is grounded on the syntactic and phonetic rules regulated by norm, as to the grammatical function of each word, forming the sentence. As it has been mentioned in the linguistic literature, the number of the members of sentence carrying out these functions is five. But there are other approaches associated with the number of the members of the sentences too (Taghizadeh, 1960).

The analysis of the materials of the compared languages shows that each member of the sentence, comprising the structure of the simple sentence, possesses its own place of usage and function. This is a phenomenon, formulated and stabilized in the history of development of the language. Each sentence though is realized by the speech act, possesses a model which is used within the norms in the system of language. Analysis shows that these models themselves are realized differently in the speech act, associated with the situation. In the English and Azerbaijani languages the members of sentences depending upon the carried out functions in the formulation of the sentences are divided into two groups: the principle and secondary members of the sentence (Abdullayev, 1998). Depending upon only the principle or alongside the principle, the secondary parts of the sentences, their information and semantic-syntactic structural features in their comparison, both within the same language and in different languages, differ from one another, in the establishment of the sentences. …

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