Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Recovering Xiangshan Culture and the Joint Local Development

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Recovering Xiangshan Culture and the Joint Local Development

Article excerpt


Xiangshan culture is a beautiful flower in Chinese modern history. The paper analyzes the origin, development, waning and influence of it. It is innovating and pioneering, and has the features of inclusiveness, mercantilism and its own historical heritage. Recovering Xiangshan culture has significant meaning for the local development of economy, society and culture. And that would also provide the positive driving force for the historic progress of all the China.

Keywords: Xiangshan culture, Xiangshanese, modernization, social development, cultural development

1. Introduction

The requirement of regional integration of Zhongshan, Zhuhai and Jiangmen often appeared in recent years. For example, the bill for combining Zhongshan, Zhuhai and Jiangmen as Zhujiang City was tabled by Guangdong Zhigong Party committee in January, 2014. The same bill was also tabled by the Macau member of CPPCC(Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference) in March, 2013. The city administration partition hinders the regional development of Xiangshan. Integration of the three cities can improve the cooperation with the destruction of administration partition.

The bills are thought as a good idea but cannot be realized easily. The three cities and Macau mainly belong to Xiangshan Region and share the same culture, Xiangshan culture. Recovering and consolidating Xiangshan culture can improve the cultural identification and jiont economic development of the cities.

2. The Uniqueness of Xiangshan Culture

"Large difference exists between Xiangshan culture and Chinese traditional culture." (Wang, Y. 2006) The free, equal, open and self-conscious social communication cannot be formed in Chinese traditional agricultural society, as a result of autarkic economy and closed living environment. Marx believed that the small farmers were numerous and with the same living condition caused the lack of diversity of communication. The production mode could not make them contact with each other, but make them isolate with each other...Conservation, law-abiding, retreat and resignation to the vicissitudes of life become normal, and the living condition tended to be a mechanical movement.

That is a different story in Xiangshan region. The huge population mobility and far away from the political center cause the less influence by the traditional Chinese culture and freedom of communication. Generally speaking, Xiangshan region is an immigrant society. People are engaged in different occupations, that makes the region with the diverse characteristics of economic activity, so the custom of it is more open than traditional Chinese culture.

After Macau was administered by Portugal in 17th century, Getting the right place and time, Xiangshan people accepted the western spirit of science and business, education mode, and the rationalism, and innovation of the western world. Xiangshan culture which is combined by the scientific spirit and romantic human spirit is ultimately formed.

3. Xiangshan Culture Is Valued in the Academic Field

Some researchers watched closely the important value of Xiangshan culture. For example, Yin Xuzhong's Several Basic Issues about Xiangshan Culture defined Xiangshan culture with special region, and thought Sun Zhongshan was the master of Xiangshan culture and Xiangshan culture was the mode of Lingnan culture. Xiangshan culture was the source of Chinese modernization. Wang jie's On the Characteristic and Essentials of Xiangshan Culture believed Xiangshan culture had the characteristic of culture of overseas Chinese and comprador, with the early influence by western culture in China's recent history. The guidance, being inclusive, being realistic and the feeling of unity and brotherhood provided Xiangshan region with huge potential.

The study of Xiangshan culture can improve the integration of Zhongshan, Zhuhai, Jiangmen and Macau culture, deepen the communication and sharing, promote the prosperity of regional economy and culture. …

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