Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Protection of Farmers' Interests in Rural Land Circulation of China: Theoretical Frame and Realization Mechanism

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Protection of Farmers' Interests in Rural Land Circulation of China: Theoretical Frame and Realization Mechanism

Article excerpt

Abstract

The rural land circulation of China has the important meaning to Chinese agricultural and rural development. In the process of the rural land circulation, the interests of farmers are often harmed. To protect the interests of farmers in the rural land circulation, a theoretical frame is designed and its three parts refer to increasing farmers' revenue, cultivating the new-style professional farmers and advancing the rural stable development. Meanwhile, there is a corresponding realization mechanism to carry out the ideas of the theoretical frame and its main content consists of the interest expression mechanism, the interest sharing mechanism, the interest conflict resolution mechanism and the interest regulation mechanism.

Key words: Rural land; Land circulation; Farmers' interests; Theoretical frame; Realization mechanism

INTRODUCTION

In recent years, Chinese government places great emphasis on the problem of the rural land circulation. Especially since the third Plenary Session of the 17th Communist Party of China Central Committee, the rural land circulation of China has experienced a rapid development period. The circulation scale has been continuously enlarging and the circulation speed has been continually quickening. But in the rapid development process of the rural land circulation, the interests of farmers, who are the subject of the rural and agricultural development, are harmed. As far as the policy of the central government is concerned, its persistent proposition and spirit are to practically maintain the interests of farmers and guarantee the basic rights of farmers. However, in the detailed practical process of the rural land circulation, it is a fact that the interests of farmers are often harmed, which not only has a serious impact on farmers' production and life, but also is unfavorable to the smooth advance of the rural land circulation and the socialistic new rural construction. As a result, this paper will regard the problem of the protection of farmers' interests in the rural land circulation as the research topic and give the research emphasis to the theoretical frame and the realization mechanism of the protection of farmers' interests.

1. DEFINITION OF KEY WORDS

1.1 Rural Land

The rural land mainly includes the earth surface or ground of the over-ground and underground space in the rural areas. It lays particular emphasis on the resource or production factor attribute of the rural land itself. The rural land can be classified into the farmland, the rural collective land for construction and the unused land according to its practical and possible economic purposes. The farmland is the land directly used for the agricultural production and comprises the cultivated land, woodland, grasslands, the land for the irrigation and water conservancy, aquaculture, etc. The rural collective land for construction is the farmers' collective land directly used for the construction of buildings and structures and consists of the land for housing, the public service, the township enterprises, the transport and water conservancy facilities, the tourism, etc. The unused land is other land except the farmland and the rural collective land for construction, and chiefly includes the bare land, the bare rock, sand, bog, the saline-alkali soil, etc. This paper centers the rural land on the farmland, especially the cultivated land, not involving the special land type such as woodland and grassland, and the rural collective land for construction.

1.2 Land Circulation

The land circulation is basically the transfer of a series of rights adhering to the rural land like the rural land use right and the rural land contractual management right. Its form mostly consists of the land transfer, the land subcontract, the land interchange, the land cultivation entrustment, etc. Its participation subjects refer to the central government, the local government, the rural collectivity, farmers and enterprises. …

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