Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Experience and Reflection on the Popularization of Marxism Seventeen Years after the Founding of China

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Experience and Reflection on the Popularization of Marxism Seventeen Years after the Founding of China

Article excerpt


Seventeen years after the founding of China, the Communist Party of China has gained rich experience of combining Marxism popularization with the central work of the party and the country, comprehensively covering various groups while highlighting the important objects, struggling with a variety of anti-Marxist ideology, and encouraging party cadres extensively launch theory publicity during the spread of Marxism. These experiences provide an important warning for promoting contemporary Chinese Marxism popularization: thought of the ruling class is possible to achieve and must achieve popularity, promoting the popularization of Marxism is the party's long-term historical mission, which consolidate the position of the mainstream ideology of Marxism in the struggle, and fully play its role of advocacy and demonstration to pure the party cadres.

Key words: Seventeen years after the founding of People's Republic of China; Popularization of Marxism; Experience; Reflection


The eighteenth National Congress report stresses "promote the era of Marxism in China popular, consistently arm the whole party and educate the people with the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics" (p.31), and Marxism popularization becomes a long-term mission for Communist Party of China (Hu, 2012). The so-called Marxism popularization is a process providing propaganda education of Marxism to the mass with plain, concrete and vivid way, and making them understand and transform the world with the view of the method of Marxism. Seventeen years after the founding of China (year 1949-1965), Chinese Communist Party insists on the propaganda education of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought to the masses, promotes the popularization of Marxism, provides spiritual power and protective thought for socialism transformation and building a socialism society, and provides important warning to deepen contemporary Marxism popularization in China.


The popularization of Marxism seventeen years after the founding of China is a Marxism educational outreach activity which is far-reaching and covering all Chinese people at the first time in a specific historical context.

1.1 China Has Experienced the Most Profound Social Transformation in Modern Times

Social transformation is the transformation of the economic system in general, changes in the social structure or social patterns. No matter what form of social transformation, will cause impacts on the original ideas, values, and ways of thinking in varying degrees. Seventeen years after the founding of China, China experiences a transition from a semi-feudal society to a new democratic society, from the new democratic society to a socialism society, which brings huge impact on people's thinking in such a short period of time experiencing dramatic social changes.

In 1957, Mao Zedong pointed out in "Speech at the Chinese Communist Party's National Conference on Propaganda Work": "We are now in a period of great social change. Chinese society has been in big changes for a long time. The Sino-Japanese War is a big change, and the liberation war is also. But for the nature, the current change is much more profound than in the past.... Commercial bourgeoisie and the petty bourgeoisie of agricultural, industrial and handicraft have changed. The socio-economic system has changed, individual economy is changing into the collective economy, and capitalism private ownership is becoming socialism public ownership. Such large changes of course reflect in people's minds" (Mao, 1999, p.267). Mao Zedong pointed out here that the establishment of the socialism system is the most profound change in modem China, is the "qualitative change" of social nature. On the one hand, this is a fundamental change in the economic base.

The year, 1956 marks the completion of the three socialism transformation in 1956, which marks the elimination of private ownership and the establishment of public ownership. …

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