Academic journal article IUP Journal of International Relations

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Academic journal article IUP Journal of International Relations

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Article excerpt

Of all the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, Botswana is unique because of its uninterrupted electoral democracy for over the past four decades. It has widely been acclaimed as the oldest, one of the most successful examples of an open, transparent democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa, and a hopeful model for other African countries to follow. While the country has done comparatively well in sticking to its democratic agenda, the development and institutionalization of political parties remain a major challenge to democratic consolidation in Botswana. The paper that follows examines some of the major obstacles to democratic consolidation in Botswana.

Robert M Molebatsi, in the paper, "Political Parties and Democratic Consolidation in Botswana: Challenges and Opportunities", argues that the development and institutionalization of political parties remain a major challenge to democratic consolidation in Botswana. The author uses the example of the three major political parties to show the lack of institutionalization and examines a number of factors that work against the development and institutionalization of political parties in Botswana. The author concludes that in order to establish deep democratic practices, there is a need for building sustainable democratic parties.

Prebendalism refers to the prac tice of utilizing official positions by publ ic officeholders for selfish personal gains. Barrister Okeke V O S and Ugwuanyi, Bartholomew Ikechukwu, in the paper, "Prebendalism as an Albatross to Democratic Practice and National Development in Nigeria: A Critical Discourse", critically examine the issue of prebendalism in Nigerian politics and governance, and analyze the implications of prebendalism on the conduct of democratic elections, effective representation and the overall national development. …

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