Academic journal article European Journal of Sustainable Development

Cultural Route and Ecomuseum Concepts as a Synergy of Nature, Heritage and Community Oriented Sustainable Development Ecomuseum "Ibar Valley" in Serbia

Academic journal article European Journal of Sustainable Development

Cultural Route and Ecomuseum Concepts as a Synergy of Nature, Heritage and Community Oriented Sustainable Development Ecomuseum "Ibar Valley" in Serbia

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

Cultural and natural attractions in last two decades become a very important component in constituting the attractiveness of tourism destinations. As a result, a considerable number of tourist studies have been carried out in diverse cultural and natural geographic attractions (Craik, 1997, Moscardo, Pearce, 1999; Richards, 2000; Chhabra at all, 2003; Apostolakis, 2003; Timothy, 2007; Richards, 2007). "Culture as a tourist attraction can be a powerful force in arguing that a region's historic, cultural, religious and industrial past should be conserved" (Brokensha, Gruldberg, 1992; Harrison, 1997; McKercher, du Cros 2005). Heritage tourism reintroduces people to their cultural roots (Donert & Light, 1996) and reinvigorates people's interest in history or culture. In latest world tourism trends became obvious the popularity of cultural tourism, as well as establishment of growing interest in connection between natural and cultural heritage with a living societies (Richards, 2000; Richards, 2007). Bearing in mind that tourism as the constituent part of total economic activities, insures prosperity of the place where developing by its economic effects, it is clear this economic activity should be analyzed and interpreted as one of the potential actuators of revitalizing of the areas, which have been characterized as undeveloped (Bjeljac, Curcic, 2008).

Based on global trend the number of cultural routes, cultural districts (Di Pietro, 2013) and eco-museums, in the world is growing. These culture based tourism products are different their themes, but bare the same principles in scope of heritage protection, tourism promotion and sustainable development. Some statistical data show that these specialized tourist products are attracting more and more tourists every year. These concepts were developed in Western Europe (Italy, France), considering that Europe has the richest cultural heritage and is the most visited destination of so called "cultural tourists". In South-Eastern Europe, most recently started the initiative for creating tourist destinations based on cultural heritage, and it was followed by creation of cultural routes and eco-museums. Introduction to these concepts motivated different public sectors and governmental institutions to start using the term "cultural routes", "eco- museum" and "cultural path" in promoting the larger number of heritage sites - archaeological, fortresses, castles, monasteries, museums and other. Within this framework, the South Eastern European region has a lot to contribute to the European and international tourism sector by further promoting a proper management of its UNESCO sites and linking them to the major cultural and natural tourism destination networks (Andrian, Stanojlovic, 2011).

Case study is focused on application of several evaluation methods on cultural route/ecomuseum Ibar Valley in Serbia. Valley of the Ibar River in Serbia can be regarded as both, a cultural route and eco-museum. This area is particularly rich in heritage sites, including exceptional landscape and most representative historical monuments in Serbia. Parts of this Valley are included in the European cultural route "Transromanica" and more recently Ecomuseum "Ibar Valley" was established in this area as the first eco-museum in Serbia.

2. Literature review

Tourism and culture are recognized as two strong drivers of growth all around the world, especially in Europe, primarily through economic development and employment (Prentice, 1994; Hadzic, 2004). However, they have a crucial role in fostering understanding and preserving of richness and diversity of regional cultures, as well as greater valuation of a common heritage. Cultural attractions play an important role in tourism at all its levels, from global emblem of world culture to attractions that reflect the local cultural identity (Stanojlovic et al., 2010). Cultural tourism has a number of goals that have to be achieved in accordance with the context of sustainable development, such as conservation of cultural resources, constant interpretation of resources, creation of authentic experiences among tourists, feedback stimulation for cultural resources and resident community. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.