Academic journal article Journal of Psychosocial Research

Academic Performance in Relation to Parents' Education, Institution and Sex

Academic journal article Journal of Psychosocial Research

Academic Performance in Relation to Parents' Education, Institution and Sex

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Academic performance generally refers to the level of success attained in some specific or general area concerning scholastic or academic work. Achievement encompasses student ability and performance, it is multidimensional and it is intricately related to human growth, cognitive, emotional, social and physical development. It reflects the whole child, it is not related to a single instance, but occurs across time and levels, through a student's life in public school, post secondary years and working life (Steinberger, 1993).

Many factors influence a child's academic achievement beyond a child's innate ability, the neighborhood children live in, the qualities of the school and parents' education, parental income, and all, have positive effects. According to the National Institute of Health, the education level of a parent is a significant predictor of a child's educational achievement.

Probably the most prominent and direct explanation of the link between parent's education and their children's academic achievement relies on the assumption that parents learn something during schooling that influence the way in which they interact with their children around learning activities in the home (Corwyn and Bradley 2002; Davis Kean et al., 2005; Hoff et al., 2002).

It has been well established fact that family plays a significant role in a child's academic performance. Parent educational status is considered one of the crucial factors in predicting children's achievement (Haveman and Wolfe, 1995; Klebanov, Brooks-Gunn and Dunkan, 1994; Smith, Brooks - Gunn and Klebanov, 1997; Sirin, 2005). Parents' education pertains to the direct, position which influences academic performance (Jimerson, Egeland and Teo, 1999; Kohn, 1963; Luster Rhoades and Haas, 1989). The literature suggests that it influences the beliefs and behaviors of the parent, leading to the positive outcomes for children and youth (Eccles, 1993). Klebanov et al., (1994) found that both mother's education and family income were important predictors of the physical environment and learning experience in the home but that mothers' education alone was envisage of parental warmth. Smith et al., (1997) found that the association of family income and parent's education with children's academic achievement was mediated by the home environment. Corwyn and Bradley, (2002) and Rhea and Otto, (2001) found that maternal education has the most consistent direct influence on children's cognitive and behavioral outcomes.

Dave and Dave (1971) found that higher percentages of rank holder belong to homes with higher parental education and higher percentage of failed students belongs to those who have lower parental education. Rumberger (1995) found that students' family background is widely recognized as the most significant and important contributor to success in schools.

The present study has been undertaken with a view to test the hypotheses that the academic performance of the student would be influenced by their parental education, type of school and sex. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to examine the effect of the above three factors on academic performance.

OBJECTIVES

The problem of the present study is to examine whether the student with highly educated parents would differ in their academic performance from those students whose parents are less educated. It was hypothesized that if the parents of the students were highly educated would exhibit higher academic performance as compared to the students whose parents were less educated.

Next problem of the present study is to examine whether the student studying in government institute would differ in their academic performance from those students who studying in private institute. It was hypothesized that the student studying in private institution would exhibit higher academic performance as compared to the student who studied in government institute.

Another problem of the present study is to see the role of sex in academic performance. …

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