Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

Rucar-Bran Footprint Area in Romanian International Tourism Landscapes

Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

Rucar-Bran Footprint Area in Romanian International Tourism Landscapes

Article excerpt

1. Geo-Historical Landmarks

The Rucär-Bran Couloir /Pathway, a high, oblong depression, having a NE-SW general direction, heights varying between 500-1500 m, is dominated by the Bucegi and Leaota abrupt at the South-East and Piatra Craiului at the North-West.

The strategic importance of the Bran Pathway is kept as far as back the Dacian-Roman wars, when a part of the Roman legions, moving from the Danube South, passed by that place towards the Transylvania South-East.

The localities from the Rucär-Bran Couloir have not very old registrations, the most of them had been established later on, as a result of the extension of the shepherds' dwellings from the higher "tables" and peaks, good for pasturage. At the same time with these localities development, but also because of the economic requirements, during the modern period, the present modernized main road had been inaugurated, so that the old Bran road became a European main road.

During the summer of 1916 year, the offensive for Ardeal's rescue had been started, at Giuvala Pathway the first hero of the "Great War," Poenaru-Bordea losing his life. These places remained famous because of the Romanian force of resistance towards the Austrian-Hungarian and German jump-offj firstly at Bran, and then in Giuvala Pathway, and finally on the Mateiaç Mountain, closed to Câmpulung.

The Swiss style of the villas from Bran, Moieciu, Dragoslavele, Rucär or Podu Dâmbovifei, fell naturally into place, led to the seeds birth of an organized rural tourism though the statement, within the 70's, of the first touristic village (§imea). We can so say that the Rucär-Bran area is the place where the Romanian agro-tourism started from.

2. The Touristic Interest Important Places

Having various appearing and development forms from an area to another one, from a country to another one, the tourism is noted as a phenomenon of our century which became one of the most important social phenomena, having great influences over the economy.

Guarded by the massifs of Leaota and Bucegi, Iezer-Pâpuça and Piatra Craiului, the Rucär-Bran Couloir, thanks to its geographical features, represents a well individualized territorial unit. Joining the geographical elements, there results a high potential habitat, which is turned to good account through an old population process.

But it is something which gives a special charm to the Rucär-Bran Couloir and this is the harmoniously created landscape, where the relief, mild, varied, seems to be created after a human measure, even it takes something from the surrounding mountains monumentality and greatness.

The human localities, which continue to be on the popular ancient precincts, complete in a good way, the natural framework elements, aligning on the valleys thread, concentrating in the small depressions or spreading on the high and sweet flat mountains covered with lawns, defying the heights; however, we can meet here, many localities, placed at more than 1100 m, considered a true record of altitude for the Southern Carpathians, such as §imea, Fundata, Fundäfica.

Bran commune* having a population of 5300 inhabitants, occupies the Bucegi Northern-Western slopes and the Piatra Craiului Eastern slopes, on the Northern side of the couloir, extending also to the Bârsei Depression South. It includes Bran, §imon, Sohodol and Predeluf villages. Bran is known as a Romanian rural tourism cradle, lots of touristic boarding houses being opened in the area.

The main touristic place is represented by the Bran Castle, a history, tradition and legend store, has become a symbol of these Romanian regions. The first document certification of Bran Castle is represented by the writ issued on the 19th of November 1377, by Ludovic I d'Anjou, through which the inhabitants of the Braçov city received the privilege to build the Fortress. At the end of the 15th century, Bran Fortress is subordinated to the Secklers' Committee authority, responsible for the Transylvania South-East defence, and, during Iancu of Hunedoara reign, it passes under the Transylvania principality administration. …

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