Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

Consideration on the Dynamics Residential Area of Pitesti City

Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

Consideration on the Dynamics Residential Area of Pitesti City

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

The residential area is one of the branches of the functional areas within a region, which "implies a permanent human concentration" (Sägeatä, 2010: 73). Many authors have spoken about functional areas of cities and default on residential areas in their work. Thus, in Urban Geography, the authors make known that "households occupy the most important part of the urban area" (Beaujeau, Chabot, 1971: 298). In the study "Organization, planning and sustainable development of geographical space," the residential area is defined and the way in which "it is organized in some units" (Cândea, Bran, Cimpoeru, 2006: 289). In his study Urban Geography, Radu Sägeatä mentions that the residential area "is the driving force inside the city and includes space for residential buildings, social-cultural facilities, green spaces and various other facilities" (Sägeatä, 2010: 126). Elena Matei states that "the basic unit of residential space is the home" (Matei, 2007: 66). The author of Urban Planning writes a very thorough analysis of the residential area and indicates that its function "is the refuge of the human community" (Filip, 2009: 75).

As a conclusion for what has been stated above on the residential area, you can conclude that it represents the space for housing, with a permanent human concentration, within which are found socio-cultural facilities, green spaces and covering a larger area of the urban area.

For the city of Pitesti, aspects of residential area were mentioned in various writings, the most representative being Municipality History of Pitesti (Popa, Dieu, Voinescu, 1988), Water Resources in the High Plain of Pitesti and the Pitesti City Water Supply (Poçircâ, 2004) Pitesti - Tradition and Modernity (Popa, Dieu, Voinescu, 2008), etc. Additional information on this issue is found in the General urban plans, Local Agenda 21, and the Integrated Urban Development Plan.

2. Materials and Methods

This study is based, as main materials, on statistical data about the total number of dwellings completed and dynamics of habitable surface up to the year 2008. The statistical data was obtained from the Integrated Urban Development Plan, censuses of population, Direction of Arges Statistics, Pitesti City Hall and various writings that analyze aspects of the residential areas.

The methods used in the study are: the method of collecting statistical data, the interpretation of that data as well as the explanation of the data.

3. Case Study

In an urban settlement the residential area includes all areas and facilities that are needed for creating permanent housing and facilitating decent lifestyle. To locate the residential area in an urban settlement you must take into account such factors as the environmental issue, on which depends the locality and adjacent territory unaffected by pollution and conducive to lead a normal life.

In most urban settlements, the residential area occupies most of the functional spaces. In this case, the residential area occupies about 40 % of the Pitesti area municipality (figure 1) and represents the most developed functional area.

Until the advent of industrial units became subordinated by the state, the workshops were held by craftsmen in Piteçti. Over time, the craft workshops have been situated in the housing area located in the hearth of the village along with the crafting according to the specific type of activity, but in the same yard with the owner's house.

After the interwar period and proclamation of the People's Republic of Romania, changes were made in the present functional area within the city. In the systematic plan of 1949, the distinctive residential area "was just Trivale Street and the Republic Boulevard and near the Pitesti South railway station where workers had houses" (Nat. Arh. Arge§, Fund Pitesti City Hall, File 63/1949: 59). The other houses were situated in the mixed area, which represented "a combination of residential homes, small industrial enterprises (workshops, garages etc. …

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