Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

Aspects of Whoredom Phenomenon in Bucharest during 2013-2014

Academic journal article Geopolitics, History and International Relations

Aspects of Whoredom Phenomenon in Bucharest during 2013-2014

Article excerpt

Context

The only available data on sex workers are offered only by a few NGOs that have developed research programs with international financing. In most cases the main objective in pursuing research was SW' HIV/STIs risks of infection and access to treatments.

The first study was conducted in April-May 1999 and was called "Research on sexual behavior of female commercial sex workers in Bucharest" with funding from UNAIDS. The study involved 61 SW and the focus was on sexual behavior and treatment services. Some of the results showed that sexual relations take place in unsanitary rooms without hygienic conditions and without being able to wash after each sexual contact.

In the period 1999-2003 outreach services were provided to SW. These interventions were funded with the amount of 84,000 USD and covered IEC (information, education and counseling) services for 300 SW in Bucharest.

In 2004 a 5-year program, "Fighting HIV/AIDS: a comprehensive, coordinated, multi-sectorial in Romania," started with a value of 28 million USD funded by the GFATM. It included a component for SW, with a value of 750 000 USD for 2004-2006.

CNAS data published in 2007 showed that out of 55 SW, three were HIV positive.

Another study "Behavioral and serological survey among SW practitioners in Romania," was conducted during 2008 - 2009.

In the summer of 2010 a study called "The prevalence of HTV, HBV and HCV viruses and risk transmission behaviors among female sex workers on the street of Bucharesf ' was made by Romania Angel Appeal Foundation. The study's objectives were:

* Measuring the prevalence of risk behaviors for transmitting HTV, HBV and HCV among female sex workers on the streets of Bucharest.

* Measuring the prevalence of HTV, HBV and HCV infections among FSW.

* Evaluation of FSW access to HTV prevention services and their level of use

History of Prostitution in Romania - media archive of "Police Magazine."

The first reports of prostitution lasted from 1643, when the traveler Paul of Aleppo, passing through Moldova, writes "that liberated women got their nose cut, were put in the pillory, or even drowned in rivers."

In 1793, during the Phanariot reign, Dositei Filitti - the Metropolitan of Wallachia - asked the ruler Alexander Moruzzi "to stop the sin of fornication spree, which injures the soul and maddens the bodies."

During the Phanariot reign of loan Caragea (1818-1821) two new tributes/taxes were set: "prison taxes and bad women taxes (called kiramele)." The fee would have to gather 100,000 piastres annually for the country's coffers. This can show you what high level the prostitution reached.

In 1856, many Austrian soldiers were contaminated with "the world's disease" (syphilis) - according to Johann Poszar who was admitted sick in the hospital, infected by a woman called Gyurghioala from Manea BRUTARU slum.

In 1859 authorities tried to regulate prostitution, by introducing a compulsory conduct that obligated matrons to take prostitutes to weekly inspection.

According to the Capital Police data there were: 243 registered prostitutes in 1875 and 354 registered prostitutes in 1898, and in August 1921 during a raid were brought to the station 108 women, of whom 73 were prostitutes with ledgers, eight were traced to crimes and the rest were clandestine prostitutes.

Between 1898 and 1930 the collective prostitution system functioned in Romania. As a condition, prostitutes must be registered with the Police and Health Service, but that after meeting the age and health conditions.

In the twentieth century, in Romania the first houses of tolerance appeared, leading to a kind of acceptance of this occupation and its taxing.

During the reign of Charles II a neighborhood called "Stone Cross" appears, where brothels were located; these brothels had patrons, like Gabriel Marinescu, prefect of Capital Police. During this period the phenomenon grew a lot. …

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