Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Improvement of Rally Crews Pace Notes Training

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Improvement of Rally Crews Pace Notes Training

Article excerpt

Introduction

Traditional approaches to rally drivers' pace notes training are described in the works of E Singurindi (1982), N. Potapova & E. Tsygankov (1999). Their investigations are based on repeated driving the car along the route before competitions at a convenient time, holding training races at the particular route, refusal from last year's and somebody else's reports, thorough individualization of reports etc. However these modes are no longer relevant for the moment, which is stipulated by the fact that International Automobile Federation (FIA) has introduced rigid restrictions on speed, time and number of familiarization rides along the rally route.

Recommendations of R. Tago-Zade (2006), K. Kozal (2014) at alias concerning compiling and registration of special stage (SS) pace notes often do not coincide and contain quite a lot of contradictions, since they have been made on the basis of their personal empirical experience. Moreover, requirements to the content and form of the pace notes include no definite scales for their quantitative evaluation. Besides, the effect of crews' pace notes quality upon the results of their competitive activities has got no scientific coverage so far.

Despite strong recommendations of several authors like M. Gorbachov (2008) to apply car trainersimulators in special car pilots training the development or production of modern special devices and constructions is still insufficient. Application of the improved pace notes system for rally crews on the basis of current information technologies of positioning has not been investigated either. Therefore definition and substantiation of the ways of rally crews' pace notes at the stage of specialized basic training has become the objective of the research.

Tasks of the research:

1. To substantiate the opportunity of trainer-simulators and modern information technologies of positioning usage in the pace notes of rally crews.

2. To elaborate and examine experimentally methodological recommendations concerning the ways of improvement of rally crews' pace notes training at the stage of specialized basic training.

Method

Following methods of research have been used for solvation of the above set tasks: analysis, generalization and systematization of the best practices of different countries concerning pace notes application as well as rally crews' pace notes management; SS routes and artificial driving medium modelled for the purpose of testing and training of rally crews; educational observations of rally drivers competitive activity; pedagogical experiment with the involvement of rally crews; instrumental biomechanical methods; theory of relativity and mathematical statistic methods.

Trainer-simulator of the joint authorship invention for rally crews' pace notes training (Fig. 1) provides certain sliding chassis' tilting at the moment of steering wheel turn, brake pedal and acceleration, thus imitating inertia stresses upon athletes at the expense of the change of attractive force vector's direction.

Depending upon the driver's actions a video output of the car's behavior in the route is produced upon the screen of the monitor, while the loudspeakers transmit the audiostream, which imitates engine and transmission noise as well as the car's vibration.

Operating efficiency of the invented training simulator for rally crews' pace notes training at the stage of specialized basic training has been tested in the settings of special educational experiment with the involvement of 17 students and graduates, male sex, aging from 19 to 24, who specialized in "Automobile Sport" at the Lviv State University of Physical Culture and who were at the stage of specialized basic long-term training for rally pilots' sports skills development. The above mentioned experiment participants were distributed as members of 17 rally crews. The crews were made up in such a way that each of the experiment participants entered the lineup of two crews, performing the role of a pilot in one crew and acting as a navigator in the other one, and besides each time they have been cooperating in pairs with another experiment participant. …

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