Academic journal article Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

Is Temporary Employment a Risk Factor for Work Disability Due to Depressive Disorders and Delayed Return to Work? the Finnish Public Sector Study

Academic journal article Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

Is Temporary Employment a Risk Factor for Work Disability Due to Depressive Disorders and Delayed Return to Work? the Finnish Public Sector Study

Article excerpt

Depressive disorders have emerged as a major public and occupational health problem, especially in high- and middle-income countries (1, 2), where major depressive disorders ranked second in years lost due to disability in 2010. This burden of depression, measured with disability-adjusted life years, is increasing (3). Mood disorders are amongst the most impairing conditions among the working-aged population: it is estimated that approximately 35&endash;50% of employees with depression will take short-term sick leave at some point during their job tenure (4). A Swedish study concluded 88% of the average yearly costs per patient ([euro]17 300) were productivity losses due to sick leave and early retirement caused by depression (5).

Work-related factors may affect mental health and increase the risk of mental disorders (2). One of these factors is temporary employment, which is believed to be associated with an increased risk of mental health problems (6, 7) although null findings have also been reported (7). The hypothesized psychosocial and material pathways through which temporary employment may adversely affect mental health include increased job

[Author Affiliation]

by Jenni Ervasti, PhD,1 Jussi Vahtera, PhD,1, 2 Pekka Virtanen, PhD,3 Jaana Pentti, BSc,1 Tuula Oksanen, MD, PhD,1 Kirsi Ahola, PhD,1 Mika Kivimäki, PhD,4, 5 Marianna Virtanen, PhD 1

1 Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Development of Work and Organizations, Helsinki, Finland. …

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