Academic journal article International Journal of Linguistics

The Semantic Relation of Denominal, Deverbal, and Deadjectival Verbs with Other Arguments in the Osing Language

Academic journal article International Journal of Linguistics

The Semantic Relation of Denominal, Deverbal, and Deadjectival Verbs with Other Arguments in the Osing Language

Article excerpt

Abstract

The Osing language is one variation of the Javanese language that is used by the Osing people in Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia. For languages that have the constructions of verb-object (VO). Denominal (DN), deverbal (DV), and deadjectival (DA) verbs as the center of the sentence. Those verbs function as a sentence predicate, with its meaning features having semantic relations of arguments of S, O, PEL, and KET fillers with different roles.

The purpose of writing this article is to express the semantic relation of (1) DN, DV, and DA transitive verbs with arguments S and O fillers, and (2) DN, DV, and DA intransitive verbs with arguments S, PEL, and KET fillers.

The method used is the distributional method with techniques (explained, expansion, and binary) and identity method. The result is (1) (active and passive) DN, DV, and DA transitive verbs as predicate (P), semantically and grammatically have semantic relations that are generic, specific, and metaphoric to the argument S and O fillers with the role of the agent/patient, (2) (active and passive) DN, DV, and DA intransitive verbs as P filler, semantically and grammatically have semantic relations that are generic, specific, and metaphoric to argument S filler with the role of experiencer and to argument PEL filler with the role of patient-objective/locative, and has a generic semantic relation to argument KET filler with the role of locative.

Keywords: Verb, Semantic relation, Argument, Role, Osing language

1. Introduction

The semantic relation of verb in sintax structure in here is the relation of meaningful characteristic between the verb with the other argument in sentence or clausa. Like of Javanese language, the Osing language is one variation of the Javanese language that is used by the Osing community in Banyuwangi Regency of East Java, as a language that has the verb-object (VO) construction (Sudaryanto, 1994). As a VO language, verb is the central or core of the sentence that functions as predicate (P). Verb can be in the basic or inflicted form. The inflicted form can be formed through affixation from basic noun (denominal/DN), basic verb (deverbal/DV), and from the basic adjective (deadjectival/DA) which are transitive and intransitive verbs.

Transitive verb is a verb that has a subject and one or more direct object(o) (Harimurti Kridalaksana, 1982:177; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transitive verb; Anton M. Moeliono, Ed., 1988:97-107) or a verb that requires a noun which follows it that functions as the object and also requires a preceding noun that functions as the subject of the sentence.Unlike transitive verb, an intransitive verb is a verb that does not need a noun phrase that follows it as an object. It means that there is an intransitive verb that needs only one argument, namely: argument S filler, and another one takes two arguments, namely: argument S and KET fillers or argument S and PEL fillers. Semantically, these verbs have meaning features that can bring other arguments into the sentence.

The argument is a constituent that must be present to accompany the verb because of verb semantic demands (Harimurti Kridalaksana, 1996:162-187), which in this case can be S, O, PEL, and KET. These arguments syntactically have multiple roles, which according to Cook (1989:191) and Fillmore (1968) in the case of grammar; the role is divided based on 5 cases or roles, namely: agent (actor), experiencer (experience), benefactive, object, and locative. Semantically and grammatically, verbs as P fillers with meaning features have semantic relation with other arguments in the sentence. The definition of the semantic relation (semantics) of verbs in syntactic structure here is a relationship that is meaningful between denominal, deverbal, and deadjectival (transitive and intransitive) verbs with other arguments, namely S, O, PEL, and KET fillers in a sentence or clause of generic (general), specific (special), and metaphoric. …

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