Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

The Reverse of the Digital Revolution and International Security

Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

The Reverse of the Digital Revolution and International Security

Article excerpt

1. THE AIM OF THIS ARTICLE

The topic of this article represents a laborious scientific approach, in fact a real study, in which I will try to identify the main aspects of the concepts of international security and digital revolution and the way they interact and influence human individuals and the communities they belong to. I have in view the relationship between individuals, between groups of individuals and between communities (states, groups of states, alliances, coalitions, governmental and non-governmental organizations and the international arena).

2. COMMENTS ON THE DEFINITION OF CONCEPTS, PHRASES AND NOTIONS THAT WILL BE USED THROUGHOUT THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION

2.1. The concept of security

Security is perceived in several ways by people due to their different levels of information (culture, education), to interest and traditions which vary from one individual to another one and form a human community to another one.

Even from antiquity, the Romans considered that by security one can reach peace of soul, lack of worries, peace, and dangerous rest1. At the beginning of the 20th century, the French understood by security the absence of any danger which they could be afraid of2. If the previous definitions refer mainly to individual security, Compact Oxford English Dictionary considers that the national security of a state represents its being protected against terrorism, criminal activities and attacks from foreign countries3. Referring to the collective security, the Dictionary of the Romanian Language (DEX) defines it in a similar way with other dictionaries, that is the condition of the relationships between countries in which threat is absent or that the respective states protect themselves against aggression by means of defence measures included in treatises4.

Security is a complex and dynamic process whose content is influenced by the evolution of the human societies and by the relationships between them. In principle, on an individual level and on the level of the community, security has political, diplomatic, economical, financial, technological, social, psychological, cultural, and military components5.

Coming back to the concept of security as the absence of threat, I think that security understood in this way does not exist! In reality, individuals and communities live in a social environment characterized by a "degree of security" ranging between 0 and 100%. The greater the degree of security, the better the conditions of multilateral development of individuals and communities are, the evolution towards progress being more rapid. On the other hand, insecurity or a reduced degree of security hinders the progress of the human community, because it makes use of important resourceshuman, material, financial or some others of a different naturein order to increase the degree of security, to protect itself from risks, threats, and dangers, respectively, by removing the vulnerabilities existing in the domains, where they are more evident.

2.2. The notion of risk

Risk can be defined as a probability event, which can cause losses, damage, destruction, suffering6 etc. Some risks may have their origin in dangerous natural phenomena (earthquakes, storms, gales, tornadoes, floods, earth slides, extremely high or extremely low temperatures, volcano eruptions etc), while others result from behaviour and intentional or unintentional actions of people (pollution, destructions, terrorist acts, fire events and arsons, transnational organized crimes etc).

2.3. The notion of threat

Threat is defined as an intention explicitly transmitted with the intention of harming the threatened one, an action which represents a danger for somebody or something7; a hostile action, made by a potential aggressor, or it may be perceived as such by the nation which thinks of itself as being threatened8. Threat may be military or non-military but its effects are reflected in a condition of (in)security, taken as a whole. …

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