Academic journal article Asian Culture and History

Animation Program History in Fine ART Schools of China

Academic journal article Asian Culture and History

Animation Program History in Fine ART Schools of China

Article excerpt

Abstract

The animation industry of China has developed windingly almost 50 years in 20 century, finally obtained the eruption -like growth in the beginning 21st century. Talent cultivation is one of the important elements of Chinese Animation industry, thus animation education also obtained the stimulation. More and more fine art schools began to have animation program after 2000. This paper studies a brief history of animation professionals in Fine Art Schools of China, and the relationship between fine art schools and animation subject. However the number of schools expanded, but the quantity cannot guarantee quality of education, most Fine art schools are relying on the University-Industry Collaboration teaching mode, but in the fact beneath the brilliant achievements, fine art schools need to sum up teaching experience and education theory different from animation industry. The period of Animation program expanding in Fine Art Schools is almost over, but the period for education quality is coming. How to improve the animation education quality become the most important situation to all Fine Art Schools have animation program.

Keywords: animation program, fine art school, animation education

1. The Background of Animation Program in Fine Art Schools

After China's animation pioneers produced the first animation short movie Uproar in the Studio by Wan Laiming and Wan Guchan in 1926, The animation industry of China has developed windingly almost 50 years in 20 century, finally obtained the eruption -like growth in the beginning 21st century. At present, the entire animation industrial of China has 5600 animation companies, produces capacity is 130,000 minutes, and provides 200,000 positions. Talent cultivation is one of the important elements of Chinese Animation industry, thus animation education also obtained the stimulation. More and more fine art schools began to have animation program after 2000. During fifty years from 1949 to 2000 years Chinese animation education maintained by Beijing Film Academy and Communication University of China. From 2000 to 2004, animation department and program were established in nearly 70 schools and institutes. By 2008 according to incomplete statistics, 1300 Teaching and training organizations provided animation education, and animation programs were created in more than 450 colleges and universities (He, 2012).

However the number of schools expanded, but the quantity cannot guarantee the quality of education, because most schools are relying on the University-Industry Collaboration teaching mode. Animation industry of China is mainly original equipment manufacturer as the primary economic characteristic, and therefore animation industry influences Chinese animation education to restrict the creativity and independent of the students.

Currently animation program is mainly set in four disciplines in Chinese Colleges and Universities: Design, Fine Art, Media and Computer. These Colleges and Universities set up animation program with related disciplines in positive preponderance, like some technology institute set animation program focus on computer animation technology and software development, some Fine Art Schools focus on animation drawing. Since a considerable number animation program born out of the original design school or computer science school, so teaching plan formulation deviated the animation talents cultivation requirement from industry, and lack of perpetrate teaching theory and long period education plan (Li & Zhou, 2009).

From the perspective of Academic qualification, animation education can be summed up four types' level, graduate education, undergraduate education, associate-degree education and certification training.

2. The Relationship between Fine Art Schools and Animation

It is only 14 years history that China fine art Schools offer animation talent cultivation as a special department, but fine art schools are responsible for a valuable role. …

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