Academic journal article Asian Culture and History

Thai Traditional Medicine: Applying Local Wisdom Knowledge for Health Treatment of Cancer Patients in Aphinyana Arokhayasala Foundation

Academic journal article Asian Culture and History

Thai Traditional Medicine: Applying Local Wisdom Knowledge for Health Treatment of Cancer Patients in Aphinyana Arokhayasala Foundation

Article excerpt

Abstract

Local wisdom knowledge concerning health care and treatment of cancer patientshas been handed down to Thai people who intent to study in this field. The Thai traditional practitioners working for Aphinyana Arokhayasala Foundation and using a Thai traditional medical examining and diagnosis to classify the patients into some kinds of cancer. They compound herbal medicine to treat their patients according to their symptoms and kinds of cancer. All patients staying in this Foundation are looked after by modern physicians, Thai traditional physicians, relatives, and service-minded volunteers and are treated with a combination of herbal medicine, exercise, and Buddhist meditation. This research will reflect all details of the application of indigenous knowledge for health treatment of cancer patients. Organizations concerned can use some ideas from the research results for treating their patients. Organizations concerned can use some ideas from the research results for treating their patients.

Keywords: Thai traditional medicine, wisdom knowledge, health treatment, cancer patients, Aphinyana Arokhayasala Foundation

1. Introduction

Local wisdom knowledge oncerning Thai traditional medicine is a body of knowledge compounded with accumulative experiences through the knowledge management process of learning, selecting, improving, developing, and perpetuating. This knowledge has been used a self-reliant system for solving sickness, preventing people from sickness, taking care of oneself and others, and adapting oneself to surroundings and the change of ages. It is a part of Thai Ways or a holistic approach to defeat cancer based on a Buddhist belief concerning the relation of body, mind, society, and surroundings. Thai Buddhists believe that if a person learns to balance his or her body with mind, society, and surroundings, he or she will be happy and not suffer from all difficulties so everyone should learn to conduct oneself appropriately in order to has good physical and mental health (Kanchanakun, 2004).

Thai traditional medicine based on folk medicine originated in Thai society around one thousand years ago. The identity of it is a particular diagnosis, the diagnosis made not only for finding the direct cause of illness but also finding the six of indirect cause of illness called Six Smutthana; namely, Dhatu Samutthana (a cause of illness resulted from the deviation of natural condition of the body), Ayu Samutthana (a cause of illness resulted from aging), Kala Samutthana (a cause of illness resulted from a change of time), Utu Samutthana (a cause of illness resulted from a physical inorganic change), and Padesa Samutthana (a cause of illness resulted from living in an unsuitable region). Thus, careless behavior of people leading to illness is an important cause apart from disease. Since human body composed of the four elements are the earth, the water, the air, and the fire so each patient should balance himself or herself carefully by conducting oneself in accordance with instructions of Thai traditional physician. The Thai physician compound herbal medicine according to a diagnosis of each patient and then the patient is treated with a combination of medication, exercise, and meditation. Self-treatment is a main concept of Thai traditional medicine, physicians, patients, family members, and community members participate in the process of treatment (Sapcharoen, 1997).

Cancer is not only a serious problem for Thai Public Health Organizations concerned but it is also for World Public Health Organizations concerned. Statistical figures have revealed that over six million people died from cancer all over the world or 13 percent of all deceased persons and about 9 million people are new cancer patients of every year. The World Health Organization anticipated that over 11 million people will be died by cancers in 2020. As for Thailand, the death rate resulted from non-contagious dying from cancers is the highest of all diseases or about 16. …

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