Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Role and Features of Analytical Journalism in Kazakh Society in the Era of Social Media

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Role and Features of Analytical Journalism in Kazakh Society in the Era of Social Media

Article excerpt

Abstract

In this essay, the authors discuss truth as the key quality of journalism and argue that analytical journalism is the way to reach the truth. They separate analytical journalism from news making and reporting, and argues that these require different types of expertise. They discusses several issues that should be addressed in order to improve the area of analytical journalism in Kazakhstan, which include improving the general professional level of journalistic education and the necessity for deeper knowledge in other areas, such as the economy, politics, and literature in order to be able to examine events fully. The analytical journalist, in the opinion of authors, should not only have good knowledge of the field and be able to analyze events professionally, but also be able independently and candidly to process the information.

Keywords: Analytical journalism, truth in journalism, Kazakhstani journalism, Aitys, Kazakhstan

1. Introduction

The overall scientific and technical revolution in almost every sphere of society including the rapid development of the information delivery process has had a deep impact not only on the changes in global terms but also on the metamorphoses in the terms of our own cultural mentality, our history vision and our world perception in particular. It is an undeniable fact that the unlimited information flow showered on the humanity in the 20-th century and proceeding its influence even in the 21-st century gives an opportunity to attain any idea, any viewpoint, and any value and even contact any personality at a very fast time. Thus, one has nothing but to select the sort of information convenient for him/her own needs. Such changes in information medium have strongly affected the journalism sphere, which directly entwines with the circulation of information itself and have fostered the emergence of more means of communication.

As time passes by, the journalistic work is destined to become an instrument that operates on only the fait accompli; and TV and radio, the once most influential and gigantic means of information, to only broadcast the talk show programs. However trendy they might seem, such cases hinder the full discovery of the true evidences and realities in political field and social environment and lead to the deficiency of journalistic analytical products. Particularly, with the emergence and rise of new media has the general value of the information spread among society depreciated. As a result, at the age of the total cultural transformation due to the diverse Internet technologies the journalism grounds of every nation are slowly becoming similar with each other and are getting deprived of the ethnical and national features. Such tendency is deeply analyzed in the study dedicated on different 31 country's journalism sphere «The global journalist in the twenty-first century a cross-national study of journalistic competencies» by Lars Willnat, David H. Weaver, and Jihyang Choi. (Willnat, Weaver, & Choi, 2013).

In the present article, the issues of objective truths in Kazakh journalism and the criticizing role of "aitys" (national traditional model of analytical journalism in the Kazakh society) will be touched.

The works and articles of national and foreign authors related to our research have been studied. For instance, the Russian author Tertychnyi, A. explores the analytical journalism from the view of genre systems in periodical media, (Tertychnyi, 1998) whereas Beljakova, L. studies the analytical journalism relating it to the personal analytical thinking skills of a journalist. (Beljakova, 2013) In our research, we study the analytical journalism in the aspects of its ethnicity and nationality.

2. Methods

Content analysis was done on the basis of journalistic materials of 8 sites of social and political orientation, which is used for the selection of the following criteria: Table 1.

* Scale of site.- Considered only the online publication and TV programs of republican and international level. …

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