Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Globalization, Modernization, Mastery of Reproduction of Space, Spatial Articulation and Social Change in Developmental Dynamics in Suburb Area of Makassar City (A Study concerning on Urban Spatial Sociology)

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Globalization, Modernization, Mastery of Reproduction of Space, Spatial Articulation and Social Change in Developmental Dynamics in Suburb Area of Makassar City (A Study concerning on Urban Spatial Sociology)

Article excerpt

Abstract

The study is undertaken in suburb area of Makassar City by analyzing process of globalization, modernization, mastery of reproduction of space, spatial articulation and social change in developmental dynamics in suburb area of Makassar City by applying quantitative and qualitative approaches (mixed method). Data is acquired from some sources and community informants living in suburb area of Makassar City. Mastery of reproduction of space dominated by capitalism urges social formation change when at the beginning, it was single and then it turns to multiple social formation. When new social formation is taken place, it indicates different procedures of capitalism and pre-capitalism social formation in mastery of reproduction of space which are coexisted and affected community exclusion. This condition indicates that spatial articulation in suburb area of Makassar City does not run optimally. Social change tendency taken place in this community moves toward structural form, and rationalization of action moves toward cultural form.

Keywords: globalization, modernization, reproduction of space, spatial articulation and social change

1. Introduction

Urbanization and modernization as a perspective gives an overview of urban dynamics process having physical, economic and urbanities mobility acceleration vertically and horizontally. The process, then, causes spatial physical change in suburb area, which associates positively to urban structural change and spatial pattern, especially in suburb areas. Globalization is comprehended as a process changing traditional condition to a new condition in form of post-modernistic or a condition where dependence and interrelationship is much dominant (Soegijoko, 2005, p. 65). This context gives an overview that globalization is a process attempting to integrate world-system as a whole, so cities development of the Third World and especially major cities in Indonesia will have interrelationship into a system.

World-system perspective through tripolarity model designates two main reasons on why world economy-capitalist system existing today needs marginal category. First, polarization of the world system and second, to assist formation of climate and new economic region. This context indicates that development of world system today will finally affect positively cities of the Third World, including major cities in Indonesia. Initial indication of major cities development in Indonesia is marked by development of strategic economic functions, so it contributes positively to rate of urbanization and suburbanization in suburb areas. Globalization has given great chance to multinational companies to spread around the world in an effort of expanding market, escalating economic scale, looking for the more competitive raw materials, and so forth (Eissenring, 2013, p. 14). Thereby, this condition is comprehended as a system proceeding over time, and it will finally become starting motor of urban development acceleration and especially for suburb areas.

Phenomenon occurred in suburb area of Makassar City is indicated as new developing area which finally makes suburbanization going on over time. This process, then, leads to very intensive land use conversion in suburb area, from agricultural land use into industrial, commercial, educational and settlement land use in a very complex space utilization intensity. Meaning that suburb area of Makassar City has gone on conversion of means of production into reproduction of space. The process is initiated by mastery of means of production, and then it is shifted to mastery of reproduction of space. Afterward, it will create a space where representationally motored by capitalism on behalf of constructing modernization in suburb area. The reality is similar to the thought of Lepebvre (1981: 1996), that mastery of means of production heading to reproduction of space will always be followed by production of space representationally. …

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