Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Influence of Capacity Development on the Values of Good Governance

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Influence of Capacity Development on the Values of Good Governance

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study aims to understand the influence of human resource capacity development by using variable dimension of individual, organizational, and system development on the values of good governance at Local Government Unit/LGU (ID: Satuan Kerja Perangkat Dinas/SKPD) across Makassar City. Research data is obtained from questionnaire, literature-based study, and some direct observations referred to the objectives of the study. Data analysis uses multiple linear regressions by means of hypothesis test, i.e. Simultaneous Test and Partial Test. Total sample is 27 LGUs in Makassar which are selected from 38 units by using Proportionate Stratified Random Sampling. The finding shows that capacity building simultaneously will significantly affect the values of good governance. Partially, each of variable dimension of individual development, organizational development, and system development affect positively and significantly the values of good governance. System development variable affect dominantly with t-count by 4,290. Based on this study, the obtained Adjusted R2 value is 0.605; meaning that 60.5% variations of the values of good governance are explained by variations in this capacity building variable, and the remaining of 39.5% is explained by other variables out of this study.

Keywords: influence of capacity, good governance, human resources

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

1. Introduction

Capacity development is an approach used in community development. Capacity development refers to an initiative to the existing capacity development (Morgan, Peter, 2004; Riyadi Soeprapto, 2010). United Nation Development Program (UNDP) defines capacity development as the process experienced by individual, group, organization, institution, and community to enhance their ability in order to: 1) implement essential functions, solve problems, designate and realize their goals, and 2) understand and overcome their self-development needs in sustainable and broader environment (Edralin, 1997; Eade, 1998; CIDA, 2000).

According to Garlick, five major elements in capacity development are: 1) Build the knowledge including skill development, research and development support, and learning aid; 2) Leadership; 3) Network formation that covers an effort to work together and make alliance; 4) Appreciate communities and invite them to realize the goals together; 5) Information support that covers capacity to collect, access, and manage the useful information (Osborne & Gaebler, 1992; Osborne & Plastrik, 1997).

The effort in searching ideal character of government is stay interesting up to now. The existing government has not had the performance to meet community demand as the consequence of the lack of ability and commitment to what community needs.

Interesting ideas to correct government's agency and institution performance emerge, such as by adopting work of Ted Gaebler and David Osborne (1992) about "reinventing government", and "good governance" doctrine by World Bank, UNDP, United Nations. Clear vision, efficiency and effectiveness in working, transparency in decision-making, accountability in every deed and decision, human right respect are institution's main values which require attention to be paid soon.

Indeed, this idea ensures government performance improvement in the future, if: 1) there is commitment to improve government performance assessment standard; 2) government uses values of good governance as the main indicator in government performance assessment standard; and 3) performance assessment is focused on capacity building, i.e. ability and strategy which is built to overcome strategic sectors.

Effort on capacity development can be conducted to everyone and everywhere based on the needs. In development context, it is known as sustainability-oriented development or it is familiarly named as good governance, while the capacity development target is its good governance pillars, i. …

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