Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

A Powerful Government: The Basic Need for China's Social Transformation

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

A Powerful Government: The Basic Need for China's Social Transformation

Article excerpt

Abstract

Ever since the thirty years of reform and opening up, the socialist modernization of China has entered a crucial stage, during which a variety of complex conflicts of interest are bound to affect its social and political stability, thus endangering China's modernization drive. Combined with China's actual national conditions and based on the successful experience of other countries in terms of modernization, China's social transformation needs a strong government, with the assistance of which to ensure the whole society to run smoothly and orderly. Therefore, the basic mission of a strong government is to foster a favorable environment for China's socialist modernization through bringing the governmental functions into an effective play.

Key Words: Powerful government; Modernization; Social transformation; Governmental functions

INTRODUCTION

"Modernity breeds stability, but modernization process produces unrest." After the thirty years of reform and opening up, the socialist modernization of China has entered a crucial stage, during which a variety of complex conflicts of interest are bound to affect social and political stability, thus endangering China's modernization drive. Combined with China's actual national conditions and based on the successful experience of other countries in terms of modernization, China's social transformation needs a strong government, with the assistance of which to ensure the whole society to run smoothly and orderly. Therefore, the basic mission of a strong government is t0 foster a favorable environment for China's socialist modernization through bringing the governmental fonctions into an effective play,

1. THE CONNOTATlON OF POWERFUL GOVERNMENT

After World War II, a large number of emerging countries have encountered various problems on the path toward modernization, such as the decline of politics, social unrest and economic stagnation, and so on. Faced with the confusing political and economic situation of the world, Western scholars pioneered to conduct a research on these problems, and thus put forward the theory of powerful government. For example, the American political scientist Samuel Huntington believed that a powerful government should be firstly established to eradicate political turmoil and decedent during the modernization for developing countries, and the building as well as the maintenance of a powerful government is dependent on a powerful political party, whose strength instead of quantity is the fírst key t0 measuring its power. Meanwhile, this kind of powerful government also has the ability to balance the participation of political parties and institutionalize itself.

"The high priority for china is t0 pursue stability. Without a stable environment, nothing can be done, and even the results that have been achieved will be lost." The phase of social transformation belongs to a critical stage 0f China's modernization when a strong government is urgently needed to intervene and solve those frequent social conflicts. In this sense, the theory of powerful government put forward by Western scholars will surely be of great significance for China. On the basis of the actual situation in China, the so-called "powerful government" refers to a government with high management capabilities who can effectively maintain a good social order at the sharp and complex social transformation stage, can cope with various challenges at home and abroad, and can mobilize and organize community resources to promote social transformation and social development.

However, in order to better understand the connotation of powerful government, we should differentiate it with omnipotent government. The latter is the government who plays all the social functional roles but with low administrative efficiency; in contrast, a powerful government does not play the functional roles not belonging to itself, but gives them to society and market to play. Besides, it tries to ensure an efficient performance of the functional roles belonging to itself. …

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