Academic journal article Journal of Nursing Measurement

Validity and Reliability of the "German Utilization Questionnaire-Dissemination and Use of Research" to Measure Attitude, Availability, and Support toward Implementation of Research in Nursing Practice

Academic journal article Journal of Nursing Measurement

Validity and Reliability of the "German Utilization Questionnaire-Dissemination and Use of Research" to Measure Attitude, Availability, and Support toward Implementation of Research in Nursing Practice

Article excerpt

Background and Purpose: In nursing practice, research results have to undergo a systematic process of transformation. Currently in Austria, there is no empirical data avail- able concerning the actual implementation of research results. An English validated questionnaire was translated into German and tested for validity and reliability. Method: A survey of 178 registered nurses ( n = 178) was conducted in a multicenter, quantitative, cross-sectional study in Austria in 2011. Results: Cronbach's alpha values (.82-.92) were calculated for 4 variables ("use," "attitude," "availability," "support") after the reduction of 7 irrelevant items. Exploratory factor analysis was calculated with Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) ranging from .78 to .92; the total variance ranged from 46% to 56%. Conclusion: A validated German questionnaire concerning the implementation of research results is now available for the nursing practice.

Keywords: evidence-based practice; questionnaire; reliability; validity

Nursing science is a very young discipline in Austria. Traditionally, the professional education of a registered nurse is not at university level. At the turn of the mil- lennium, it was for the first time possible to study nursing science. The subject of nursing science was introduced into the curriculum after the amendment of the federal health care and nursing law of 1997 (Schwamberger, 2006). This is one of the reasons that the implementation of research results into the nursing practice is still at the beginning (Breimaier, Halfens, & Lohrmann, 2011).

The evaluation of qualifications and contents of the curriculum as well as the transfor- mation of research results into the nursing practice are essential preconditions for quality control in nursing. Applying research results is a complex process involving all hierarchic levels. To promote the acceptance of scientific results in everyday nursing practice, a positive personal attitude of the nursing staff as well as structural, organizational, and professional working conditions are necessary. In reference to culture, the attitude toward nursing and the need of care in general are considered. The implementation of research results into the daily nursing practice represents an enormous challenge for the whole health care system and also for the individual nurse (Harrison & Graham, 2012).

IMPLEMENTATION OF RESEARCH RESULTS

Results of clinical research can only have a positive effect on health if they are introduced into nursing practice (Eccles et al., 2009). First, this process focuses on the presentation of a topic of interest, that is, a clinical problem in nursing practice, and aims at adequately planning nursing measures with a respective patient (Sidani, Epstein, & Miranda, 2006). To implement new measures into nursing care, it is essential to present academic results in a reliable, relevant, and readable form (Straus & Haynes, 2009). The implementation of research into the nursing practice is combined with nursing experience, taking the indi- vidual patient into consideration (Straus & Haynes, 2009).

The person responsible for implementing research into nursing practice should be an expert as far as clinical competences are concerned, as well as personal qualifications, such as commitment, professionalism, and positive management skills (Bahtsevani, Wilman, Khalaf, & Östman, 2008; Kitson et al., 2008; Stetler et al., 2006). Furthermore, knowledge of project management and a clearly defined, transparent role assignment are necessary. Thus, seen on such a large scale, the term of research implementation is well-defined by the process of evidence-based nursing (Haslinger-Baumann, 2009). Implementing research in nursing practice is systematically possible, if it undergoes the extensive process of transforming and combining scientific knowledge with practical experience regarding the individual needs of the respective patient. Evidence-based nursing (EBN) is the use of the current and best scientifically proven experience of others in the individual work- ing alliance between unique patients with a need of care or unique nursing systems and professional nurses (Behrens & Langer, 2010). …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.