Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

On the Paper of War of Resistance against Japan and the Propaganda of Mao Zedong Thought on Protracted War

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

On the Paper of War of Resistance against Japan and the Propaganda of Mao Zedong Thought on Protracted War

Article excerpt

Abstract

Soon after the outbreak of the anti-Japanese War, Mao Zedong gave a clear judgement on the whole situation during the war and proposed the famous Protracted War thought in his paper On Protracted War. As the flag of Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei anti-Japanese base and North China, the Paper of War of Resistance Against Japan is the main medium for the Communist Part of China to propagate the anti-Japanese thoughts and policies, having a significant impact on the history of anti-Japanese and the history of propaganda. The paper made great contribution to propagate Mao Zedong thought on Protracted War.

Key words: The paper of war of resistance against Japan;-, The thought of protracted war; Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei anti-Japanese base; Propaganda

INTRODUCTION

After the full-blown of the anti-Japanese War, the Japanese invaders were mercilessly hostile and threatened us that they would perish China in three months. Facing the crazy invasion, two inappropriate thoughts arose between our Chinese, one is pessimism presented by the theory of national subjugation, and the other is impatience presented by the theory of quick victory. The two ridiculous thoughts had bad impact on the anti-Japanese War. To thoroughly refute the two thoughts and unify the thought of protracted war between the army and the people, Mao Zedong wrote the famous military masterpiece-On the thought of Protracted War. Since the beginning-May in 1938 to the accomplishment, it only used less than ten days and contains fifty thousand words. During the Yan'an anti-Japanese seminar held between May 26 to June 3, Mao Zedong gave a detailed description of the thought of Protracted War.

1. THE BACKGROUND OF THE PROPAGANDA OF THE THOUGHT OF PROTRACTED WAR

The lecture of Mao Zedong's thought of Protracted War caused a strong reaction, most people thought that what Mao Zedong said had deep content and was convincing. For the thought has important directing significance not only to the party ,but also to people all over China, most people hoped to propagate the thought of Protracted War in a wider rage and then to cause greater social effects, including Chen Yun, the political bureau of CPC central community, minister of organization. He raised the claim to Mao Zedong. Based on the claim, Yan'an mimeographed the book written by Mao Zedong, but due to the limited number of the mimeographed books, many cadres couldn't read the book, especially those cadres in the battlefront. To solve the problem, the CPC decided to print books and publish in border areas, anti-Japanese base and even those areas dominated by Kuomintang. In this background, some papers and journals in the anti-Japanese base launched the study and propaganda of the thought based on their actual situation, and the propaganda of the Paper of War of Resisitance Against Japan in Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei anti-Japanese base was most distinctive.

1.1 The Propaganda of the Protracted War Is the Demand of the Insistence of the Anti-Japanese War Until the Final Victory

Comprehensive anti-Japanese War had been ten months since Mao Zedong proposed the thought of Protracted War in May in 1938. During the period, the situation of the war was not so optimistic, although Kuomintang courageously fought the enemy on positive battlefield, we still retreated one step after another, a lot of land was occupied by the enemy, and many soldiers became prisoners. The soldiers and people didn't have a clear understanding of the purpose, the process and the result of the Anti-Japanese War, and at that time, a correct and scientific theory was urgely demanded to unify the thought between army and people.

1.2 The Propaganda of the Protracted War Is the Demand of Refuting Rediculous Public Voice

Along with the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War, two wrong thoughts soon dominated Chinese social voice. One is the thought of quick victory, and supporters thought that the Anti-Japanese War would end with Japan's failure in a short time. …

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