Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Training Strategies of Cross-Cultural Communication Competence in Chinese Police College

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Training Strategies of Cross-Cultural Communication Competence in Chinese Police College

Article excerpt

Abstract

Meeting the requirements of social development, Police colleges should be enhance their global awareness to cultivate their students of intercultural communicative competence. The author try to combine cross-cultural communication theories with metacognitive strategies, making use of metacognitive strategy to promote learners' autonomous learning ability, accordingly, improving the competence of international communication in the teaching of Police College.

Key words: Intercultural communicative competence; Metacognitive strategies

Against the backdrop of new economy and globalization, Chinese policemen are facing new challenges. They need to have strong communicative competence in English to deal with transnational crime. As a cultivating policemen organization, Police College pay more attention to intercultural communicative competence in the English teaching. So how to teach our students to communicate effectively with foreigners, cultivating their crosscultural communicative competence becomes an issue that we should be think about.

1. TRANSFORMATION OF TEACHING IDEA - PAY MORE ATTENTION TO CULTIVATE CROSSCULTURAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE

1.1 Cross-Cultural Communicative Competence

Crosscultural communicative competence focuses on the following two aspects: crossculture and foreign language education. With the development of globalization, the teaching concept of Chinese Police College must be changed, not just for traditional foreign language education but for cross-cultural communicative competence. The emphasis of the cross-cultural communication is a word "cross", namely the two communicating participants come from different cultural backgrounds whose communication is likely to create barriers. The relevant talents of police college cultivating should be familiar with the English national culture, religion and law. That is culture of the cross.

Since communicative approach has been developed in many western countries in 1970s, the movement of teaching language as communication has spread all over the world. Intercultural communicative competence became the most noticeable in the development of foreign language teaching. Canale and Swain (1980) proposed a most influential model, in which four areas of knowledge and skills constitute communicative competence: grammatical, socio-linguistic, discourse and strategic competences (Canale «fe Swain, 1980; Canale, 1983; Swain, 1984)

1.1.1 Grammatical Competence

Grammatical competence, including the rules of vocabulary, spelling, pronunciation, and sentence, is the basis of correct understanding and expression information. In a large extent, Grammar ability is independent of the context, not to be restrained a specific culture.

1.1.2 Sociolinguistic Competence

Sociolinguistic competence: the competence to use and interpret language with situational appropriateness. According to various contextual factors, properly using and understanding the words in all kinds of social occasions, It can change vocabulary, syntax and nonverbal behavior with the change of the communication object and communication context.

1.1.3 Discourse Competence

Discourse ability refers to reasonably organize the form and the meaning of the language, which perceive and achieve coherence of separate utterances in meaningful communication patterns. In different style, such as narrative, argument, scientific reports and business correspondence, it can combine grammar form as a whole in oral or written reports. Discourse ability zigzag reflects the fundamental cultural patterns of particular cultural groups, the basic thinking mode and related to the beliefs and values. Scollon & Wong Scollon (Young, 1994; Scollon & Wong Scollon, 1991).

1.1.4 Strategic Competence

The ability is the practical activities , which use all forms of communication strategy to deal with and resolve communication difficulties and problems, due to external conditions or lack other aspects ability. …

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