Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Tertiary Education Trust Fund Interventions and Sustainable Development in Nigerian Universities: Evidence from Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Tertiary Education Trust Fund Interventions and Sustainable Development in Nigerian Universities: Evidence from Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki

Article excerpt

Abstract

The study examined the impact of TETFund Interventions in Nigerian Universities and its implications for sustainable development with special attention on EBSU. Content Analytical Approach was adopted while Public Goods Theory was used as a theoretical framework.The study reviewed the contributions of scholars in this field.Data were extensively sourced from documentary papers from which the three major objectives of the study were accomplished.The study finds that TETFund Interventions in Nigerian Universities particularly EBSU have impacted positively on the infrastructural and human development of the institutions; the implications of this for sustainable development is also positive.The study recommends amongst others, a reduction and/or total elimination of unhealthy bureaucratic bottlenecks involved in accessing TETFund; utilization of honest and competent contractors in executing TETFund projects and involvement of donor agencies to assist governments in funding tertiary education in Nigeria.This, if tenaciously adhered to, will launch Nigerian Universities to a better footing.

Keywords:TETFund, EBSU, sustainable development, intervention

1. Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Ebonyi State, Nigeria faced severe shortage of professional and skilled manpower at its creation in 1996. This is because, when the new state was carved out from the then Abia and Enugu States, Civil and Public servants who were indigenesofthese states, relocated accordingly to their parent states leaving a handful of civil servants of Ebonyi State origin who also relocated from Enugu and Abia, to work at the state civil/ public service.

There was no Federal or State University to train professionals and skilled manpower which the state direly needed. Ebonyi State was then classified by the National Universities Commission (NUC), as an educationally backward state. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) report in 2001 also, ranked Enugu/Ebonyi law (0.466) in the Human Development Index (HDI), on the basis of physical Health and Education (Udu, 2009).

Ebonyi State, being one of the South-East States (from the old Eastern Region), was one of the theatres of hostility during the 30 months civil war in Nigeria between 1967-1970). The vicious war, injustices and obnoxious post-war policies of marginalization of past administrations in Nigeria, devasted and stifled economic growth and education in Ebonyi State.

The above Scenario informed the introduction of free and compulsory primary and secondary education by the Sam Egwu led administration in 1999. The reason for this was to start from the roots to prepare candidates for university education which ultimately, is believed to, with time, address the manpower needs of Ebonyi State.

Similarly, the Sam Egwu administration, in the year 2000, ungraded the Ebonyi State University to autonomous status.

In addition to its educationally backward status, Ebonyi State is also one of the poorest states in Nigeria. The major means of livelihood is subsistent farming, artisanship and petty business outfits. The result of this is that many parents cannot afford university education for their children.

Essentially, the major sources of funding for the university is the Ebonyi State government monthly subvention and internally generated revenue which comes basically from school fees. The inadequacy of this source of funding has recently compelled management of the university to increase school fees. As a result, many indigent students were forced to drop out while enrollment of students of Ebonyi State origin has subsequently declined.Nkwede (2009) aptly pointed out that University education in the contemporary Nigeria has focused itself at the cross-roads in the wake of continued lack of funding from the traditional sources even when it is explicitly clear that education is one of the most viable and biggest industries in almost every modern economy. …

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