Academic journal article Studies in Literature and Language

The Harmonious Fusion of Literary Spirit and Religious Feelings of Jane Eyre

Academic journal article Studies in Literature and Language

The Harmonious Fusion of Literary Spirit and Religious Feelings of Jane Eyre

Article excerpt

Abstract

Charlotte Bronte is an author who has deep religious feelings. Jane Eyre, Rochester, Helen, most characters she shaped in her novels all contain Christian ethics thought-Charity is the bond of perfectness. And also express the salvation feelings of humanistic restoration and her concept of love-unite soul and body, be equal and loyal. She reasonable judged the religious behavior of characters in that era from humanistic and harmonious perspective. Bronte paid attention to perplexity and confusion in reality, fused endurance, toleration and forgiveness of love into the mind activity of characters, she was humanism and amicable. The harmonious fusion of literary spirit and religious feelings makes Jane Eyre have a unique aesthetic power.

Key words: Bronte; Jane Eyre; Rochester; Literary spirit; Religious feelings

INTRODUCTION

Literature shows the spirit world of people by shaping typical characters in typical conditions. In Jane Eyre, Charlotte Bronte put characters under a background with strong religious atmosphere-Victorian era, and used thick and heavy in colors to draw the outline of love and forgiveness. Characters in Charlotte Bronte's novels, no matter is the self-respecting Jane Eyre, or is the uncompromising Rochester, even is St. John who has a steadfast religious volition, they all have humanistic persistence and personal emotions that concerned by literature spirit. Though the main thought of novels are emotions, gather and departure, she fused equality, intellect, endurance, toleration and forgiveness of love into the mind activity of characters, thereby, and the pursuit of literature spirit's beauty becomes the main thought of novels. All above intertwines with the religious feelings of author and make novels have a unique artistic appeal on purifying mind and sublimating soul.

PART I

Benevolence is the essence of Chinese traditional culture; it is also an important connotation of literary aesthetic ideal. For Confucians, benevolence is regarded as the fundamental and fountainhead of virtue on the ethical level and is the impetus of moral life. Benevolence of Confucianist emphasizes that the law of nature interacts with humanity, "the virtue of human is according to the rules of heaven", "human accept missions from heaven, acquire love from heaven and to be a merciful man (Zhuang K. , 2009, p.85)", Confucians established a ethics contains kindness ethics, kindheartedness, benevolence and merciful deeds based on the law and rules of nature. For western literature, the ethics of Christianity-Charity is the bond of perfectness - penetrates in every literary works, but it more emphasis on the dependent relationship between moral and faith, also emphasis on the faith, hope, and love to God, as well as warm words, righteous deed and humanity that brought by it. Love is the core of Christian ethics, love is showed by humanity, compassion, forgiveness, patience, self-control and so on, Jane Eyre, Helen burns and Miss Temple totally showed the "Charity is the bond of perfectness" thought.

Jane Eyre was abandoned, scorned and insulted in her aunt's home, her young heart was hurt, consequently, she hated aunt's family, even tried to use a intense way to beat them back, she indeed claimed that her aunt "has not been my friend: she has been my foe (Jane Eyre)". However, in the boarding school Lowood, Jane gradually faded her hate out as she saw the power of love and forgiveness from her girlfriend, Helen Burns. Helen seemed like a lofty holy light, she led Jane step off the maze of pagan spirit and move towards the holy spiritual hometown. Helen told Jane that

It is not violence that best overcomes hate - nor vengeance that most certainly heals injury, love your enemies; bless them that curse you; do good to them that hate you and despitefully use you, and distinguish between the criminal and his crime; I can so sincerely forgive the first while abhor the last (Liu, p. …

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