Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Effect of Mental Training Skills Program on Self-Compassion and Mindfulness

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Effect of Mental Training Skills Program on Self-Compassion and Mindfulness

Article excerpt

Abstract

Mental skills and physical skills are important for success; they are blocks of the complete college students that produce outstanding sports performances. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of mental training skills program on self-compassion and mindfulness. The sample consisted of 32 undergraduate female students from the University of Jordan, their ages (M = 19.2 years, and SD = 0.71). They reported self-compassion scale and mindfulness Questionnaire, after 12 weeks of intervention program.

Methods: Self-compassion (SCS) Neff (2003) Scale and Mindfulness Questionnaire FFMQ (Baer et al., 2006). Arabic version was used to assess self-compassion and mindfulness.

Results indicated that female students who used mental training program in connection with their gymnastics practice reported significant increases in self-compassion and mindfulness.

Keywords: mental training program, self-compassion, mindfulness, gymnastics

1. Introduction

The mental training focuses on the positive aspect of athlete's mental performances, physical abilities, and preparation skills. The mental training program is based on the idea that the pictures in the person mind have real power, the person can create his own reality with his images-how he "see" himself and his abilities, whether positively or negatively (Porter, 2003).

Recently, many coaches used mental training programs to enhance sport performance, because they believe that these programs are an important aspect of life and for successful athlete. Mental training of motor skills leads to changes in brain circuitry and behavior, just as physical training (Slager et al., 2011). Research has supported that mental-skills training can prepare athletes for competition and improve psychological well-being such as improving managing anxiety (Mamassis & Doganis, 2004), focus (Orlick & Partington, 1988), managing emotions (Lazarus, 2000), dealing with pressure (Beilock et al., 2001). Frey et al., (2003) found relationships between use of mental skills and perception of success in both environments. The common Mental training techniques in use in sport include, goal setting to help gymnasts enhance motivation and to learn new techniques and experience success, imagery which can help students improve concentration, gain emotional control and enhance the development, positive self-talk which help to eliminate negative self-take so focusing attention on now and encourage the gymnast to maintain the effort and build confidence. There is a relationship between self-compassion and mental health research has found that self-compassion has positive effects on mental health (Neff, 2003).

Neff (2003) defined self-compassion as composed of three main components; self-kindness, a sense of common humanity and mindfulness. Self-kindness (self-understanding rather than harsh judgment or self-criticism,), a sense of common humanity (viewing oneself as part of the larger human experiences rather than isolated), and mindfulness (accepting painful emotions and thought while not over identifying with them) (Cormier, Nurius, & Osborn, 2013).

Orsillo and Roemer (2011) indicated that self-compassion starts with assumption that all humans are valuable and worthy regardless of their physical characteristic or achievement. Crocker & Canevello, (2008) explain that Self-compassion is very important to our life, because it helps people deal with life struggles and it can provide social support and encourage interpersonal trust with their roommates. Self-compassion has been linked to enhanced happiness, optimism, positive effect, love of learning (Neff & lamb, 2009). Research by Breines and Chan (2012) found that self-compassion lead to better performance and enhance motivation, and it enhances well-being (Gilbert & Irons., 2005).

Researchers found relationship between emotional intelligence and self-compassion (Heffernan et al. …

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