Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Is HbA1c an Accurate Predictor for Diabetes Risk in Patients with Chronic Periodontitis?

Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Is HbA1c an Accurate Predictor for Diabetes Risk in Patients with Chronic Periodontitis?

Article excerpt

Dear Editor in Chief

Many studies consider periodontitis as the risk factor for diabetes (1,2) and hyperlipidemia(3). Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) point out the mean plasma glucose over thepast120days (3), and in some studies is considered as a more valid as say than other as says in field of assessing plasma glucose levels in diabetic patients (4). In this study, first, the relationship between chronic periodntitis and HbA1cin non-diabetic individuals was evaluated; then the HbA1c and triglycerides (TG) were correlated. This case-control study was conducted on121 non-diabetics aged 20-50 yr, in Zahedan, southern Iran. Sixty persons were healthy regarding the periodontal status and 61 were affected with severe chronic periodontitis who were assessed in terms ofHbA1c, TG, BMI (Body Mass Index) and Extent of periodontal diseases.

Overall, the HbA1c average in the healthy controls was significantly higher than the affected subjects (P = 0.002). After controlling the confounding factor (BMI), in participants with BMI < 25, no significant correlation between groups in HbA1c level was observed. In persons with BMI ≥25, the HbA1c average in healthy controls was significantly higher than those affected with severe chronic periodontitis (P<0.001). The relationship between HbA1c and extent of periodontal disease was not significant, but there was a significant correlation between extent of periodontal disease and TG levels (P = 0.27).There was neither significant relationship between HbA1c and TG levels neither in healthy controls nor in those affected with severe chronic periodontitis. …

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