Academic journal article International Journal of Linguistics

Arabised Terminology Issue in the Holy Quran from a Modern and Critical Perspective

Academic journal article International Journal of Linguistics

Arabised Terminology Issue in the Holy Quran from a Modern and Critical Perspective

Article excerpt

Abstract

Arabised terms in the Quran have been the core subject for philologists, linguists and scholar's debates and argument throughout history.

This research is considered to be significant because it discusses a significant issue namely the argument of language scholars and philologists over certain terms that allegedly being foreign, while the Quran indicates that it has been revealed in the Arabic tongue. While using the principles of critical scientific researcher is determined to reveal the truth of the Quran, it is without a doubt is true andaccurate when God says "the Quran is revealed in the Arabic tongue". Majority of the scholars and language philologists accepted this truthful logic. Others claimed the presence of foreign terms in the Quran. While the rest took a middle grounds. Researcher has been able to prove through several scientific methods and the strong evidence of well known scholars, dictionaries and the rules of borrowing among languages, that there is no foreign words especially- Ebla'i and Istebraq- in the Quran. Rather the Quran proves once again that is revealed in Arabic tongue, as well as researcher and every believer.

Keywords: Quran, Arabised, Foreign terms, Arab Dictionaries (Mu'jam), Tafseer books (interpretation books) Ebla'I, Istabraq

(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)

1. Introduction

Scholars have reached agreement over an crucial issue namely the Arabised as a term is used by linguists until the second century of Islam, (second Hijri century) that means words by Arab scholars and were taken from foreign languages for meanings that are not found in Arabic language. (Al-Jawaleeqy, 1966 A.C, p3, Al-Khafaji, 1952, p23, Al-Zubaidy, 1965 A.C, v1, p27).

The presence of Arabised terms in the Quran has kept philologist, linguists and scholars with their varied ranks, places and times, busy in discussing it. Arabised terms in the Quran have been the core subject for their debates and argument, therefore;A group claimed that Quran includes Arabised words, from old and modern days: philologists as Abu Obaid points out,(Ibn Faris, 1963 A.C, p60-61.) Ibn Doraid, (Ibn Doraid,(1345H), v3, p499-502) Abu Hatem Al-Razi,(Abu Hatim Al-Razi, 1957 A.C, v1, p136-137)Al-Tha'aliby, (Altha'aliby, 1972 A.C, p315-319) Al-Jawaleeqy,(Al-Jawaleeqy, p13)

Al-Fakhr Al-Razi, (Alfakhr Al-Razi, edition3, v29, p126.)Al-Suyooty,(Al-Suyooty,1983,A.C, p60-62.) from Contemporary: priest Anstas Mary Al karmali, (Al-Karmali, 1938 A.C, p38-41) Georgy Zaydan, (Zaydan, 1988,A.c, p33 and after.) Mahdi Mohaqeq (Mohaqeq, , 1987 A.C, p305-315) and others.

While other group denied the presence of Arabised terms in Quran and assured them denial, they are called the denials such as: Ibn Abbas,(Ibn Abbas, 1972 A.C, p16) Al-Shafi'y,(Al-Shafi'y, 1940 A.C, p42-53) Abu Obaidah,(Abu Obaidah, 1954 A.C, v1, p8, p17-18)Al-Tabri, (Al-Tabri, edition2, 2000,A.C, v1, p11-16.) Ibn Faris,(Ibn Faris, p57-62) Al-Baqillany, (Al-Baqillany, 1971 A.C, p31)Al-Qortoby(Al-Qurtoby, 1965 A.C, v1, p68-69)and Al-Nabulsi,(Al-Nabulsi, 1986 A.C, p168-173) from contermporary ones: Ahmad Mohammad Shaker, (Shaker, 1966 A.C, p11-12)

Abdul Haq Fadel, (Fadel, 1970A.C, p20 and after)Al-Jannaby(Al-Jannaby, 1989 A.C, p178-194) and other.

In between the two groups: denials and supporters a third group evolved and was called the intermediate or mid ground group; has taken the middle position between the two extremes making a new moderate and satisfying doctrine, this approach or doctrine claims that terms origin is foreign, because our ancestors the original Arab had Arabised and modified such terms; therefore, when Quran was revealed, it mentioned these terms the way our ancestors did, thus, the terms are of foreign origin however Arabic use(Ibn Faris, p60-61).The prominents of intermediate group are: Abu Obaid,(Bidi, p60-61) Ibn Atiyah (Al-Qurtoby, v1, p68-69) and Abu Al-Ma'aly Azeezi (abdul-Malek). …

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