Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

The Language Talents Cultivation Study in Communicative Teaching from Cultural Cognition Perspective: Cultural Default Phenomenon and Its Countermeasures

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

The Language Talents Cultivation Study in Communicative Teaching from Cultural Cognition Perspective: Cultural Default Phenomenon and Its Countermeasures

Article excerpt

Abstract

With the increase of international cultural exchange, in today's colleges and universities training and strengthening students' exotic cultures cognitive ability are more and more important. Cultural cognitive ability in foreign language teaching profession gradually receives attention. Cross-cultural communication competence and cultural cognition competence have become an important measure for the ability of modem foreign language talents. From the perspective of cultural cognition, this paper studies the English cultural learning disabilities caused by cultural default and through the corresponding empirical research, it suggests reasonable and effective coping strategies to solve the difficulties of English culture learning, to cultivate Students' exotic culture cognitive ability, to readjust students' cultural cognition construction and satisfy the requirement for communicative foreign language talents under the global cultural context. To investigate the reasons for the phenomenon of cultural default and develop a set of practical coping strategies can play a valuable reference and guidance for the future foreign language education and teaching.

Key words: Communicative teaching; Cultural cognition; Cultural default

INTRODUCTION

With the increase of international cultural exchange, in today's colleges and universities training and strengthening students' exotic cultures cognitive ability are more and more important. Cultural cognitive ability in foreign language teaching profession gradually receives attention. Cross-cultural communication competence and cultural cognition competence have become an important measure for the ability of modem talents. But for a long time, due to China's traditional English teaching model influence, the students cannot successfully apply what they learned in the classroom to the practical communicative contexts. Non-English major undergraduates in universities are the main object of college English teaching and they have learned some culture knowledge in high school, but in general their cultural cognitive ability is relatively poor. In the actual pragmatic occasions, there is a lack of actual pragmatic appropriateness of language and there often occurs Chinese-style English. In the globalization of cultural context, we need to cultivate communicative foreign language talents with awareness of cross-cultural communication who can actively learn culture and customs of other countries and continuously improve the cross-cultural communication ability to meet the needs of the society. In the application of international language talents training, cultural default phenomenon leads to a lot of language and cultural learning obstacles, so how to solve cultural barriers to learning and find the appropriate strategy are the focus of this research.

From the perspective of cultural cognition, based on the cultural default theory, the paper aims to study barriers caused by cultural default phenomenon in the process of communicative language talents cultivation and tries to reduce background understanding deviation of learning material caused by cultural default phenomenon or different cultural background. It also tries to improve students' cultural background knowledge to deal with the culture default phenomenon in learning materials. This paper conducts a relevant empirical research and based on the results of empirical research, it puts forward the corresponding solutions to the cultural default phenomenon.

1. AN OVERVIEW OF CULTURAL COGNITION THEORY AND CULTURAL DEFAULT THEORY

1.1 Cultural Cognition Theory

The concept of cultural cognition firstly appeared in the 1920s and the American linguist Sapir pointed out in his book Language: "Language needs an environment and cannot exist without culture or separate from the tradition and belief society inherits". Successful language learners need not only good language skills, but also must understand the difference between foreign and native cultures. …

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