Academic journal article International Review of Management and Business Research

Effects of Training Methods on Human Resource Productivity in Mellat Bank

Academic journal article International Review of Management and Business Research

Effects of Training Methods on Human Resource Productivity in Mellat Bank

Article excerpt

Introduction

In the era which is entitled as the explosion of knowledge and information, and development of knowledge and technology is growing exponentially, the training of human resource cannot be neglected. A deeper insight into the mission of training reveals that human being has various dimensions abound with valuable talents, which will be realized and flourished when all the mental and physical aspects are considered. Clearly, education and training aims to attach meaningful values to learning; and beyond learning, education should renovate the character and competences of human resource until training turns to the culture of human development.

Some authors believe that human knowledge grows twice every five years and this increase changes everything. Therefore, how can organizations avoid their human resources confronting these changes and evolutions? Obviously, the survival and future of the organization will be endangered in case of neglect and inattention to employment training. That is why employees often attend the training classes at least once a year in the developed countries. The existence of the organization depends to a great extent on the various skills and knowledge of the staff (Dulan and et al 1992).

On the other hand, productivity is a comprehensive concept which its growth has been continuously considered by the experts, as a necessity to improve the level of humans' life and to build a more wealthy society, as it is the national goal for all countries of the world. It can be said that the main aim of management science is to achieve more productivity, and this have always been reflected by managers in the management and re-engineering of organizations.

Regarding the indispensability of productivity and extensive evolutions happened in science and technology; experts in human resource management have begun to align human activities with these advancements through different training techniques, in order to achieve productivity improvements.

Considering the importance of above discussed topics in modern societies, we aim to examine the effects of various training methods on the improvement of productivity among the staff of Mellat Bank .

Material and Methods

Productivity is a long standing concept from renaissance era (Mc Kee, 2003), so that this concept was found deeply in the context of mass production (Sahay, 2004). The first formal and serious use of term "productivity" was in an article by someone called Queizni in 1776. According to Larousse encyclopedia, after more than a century (in 1883), a man called Liter defined productivity as power and ability to produce; which in fact it expresses the passion for production here. Since the beginning of twenty century this term has achieved a more precise meaning as a relationship between the output and the means and elements used for the production of that output. Someone named Early in 1900 defined productivity as the relation between the output and the devices used for the production of the output. In 1950, Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) provided a more comprehensive definition of productivity: productivity is the result of output divided by one of the factors of production. Therefore, there could be the productivity of capital, investment and raw material; depending on the production factor which is studied. The other definition of productivity which is applied more in management today is that "productivity means collaboration in top-down and bottom-up management and correct patterning in design, management, production and distribution". In fact, the first scientific efforts to productivity st arted from 18th century. In 1776, Adam Smith in his book "An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations" posed the matter of "division of labor" as the key to improving effectiveness. And the first statistical research in productivity is attributed to Right. The results of Right's research which were basically focused on assessment of productivity in relation to manual work and machine work were published in the annual report of US ministry of interior in 1898 (Abtahi & Kazemi, 2001). …

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