Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Development of the Relation between Civil Rights and State Power in the New Media Era

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Development of the Relation between Civil Rights and State Power in the New Media Era

Article excerpt

Abstract

In general, the relation between civil rights and state power is moderate in modern society. However, the arrival of the new media era has undoubtedly added such moderate relation some new content. In the new media era, citizens and state organs have realized benign interaction between civil rights and state power. On one hand, the influence of civil rights on public decision and the supervision of state power operation continue strengthening; on the other hand, state power actively cooperates and protects the execution of civil rights by using self-restricting mechanism and response mechanism.

Key words: New media; Civil rights; State power

INTRODUTION

Media is an important tool for people to obtain information, give out speeches and express thoughts. At the same time, media is also a key area that state power pays great attention to. New media is a form and communication pattern that provides information and entertainment services to customers through internet, wireless network, satellites, computers, mobile phones, smart TVs and other terminals by using digital technology, network technique, and mobile technology. The differences between new media and traditional media are: new media can provide customized content for the public, new media information spreaders and receivers are equal communicators who can create personalized communications with various communicators at the same time, and new media truly realizes interaction, instantaneity, ductility, and integration of information spreading. (Xia, 2012, pp.14-15) In new media era, no matter citizens or state organs have to use new media to get involved into social life and social management. However, in the process of adapting to new media environment, the relation between civil rights and state power starts changing silently which has no doubt created a new angle of view for constitutional researchers.

1. THE RELATION BETWEEN CIVIL RIGHTS AND STATE POWER IS BECOMING MODERATE IN GENERAL

With the development of modem democratic procedures, it is an inexorable trend that the relation between civil rights and state power is becoming moderate as a result of its development in the modem constitutional state.

When the "state" continues entering into non-state private autonomy area which by far belongs to the society, the same development has caused that "society" extends into 'national' mies and decision making areas which by far is only retained by the state. All kinds of different social expectations, especially the expectation upon social security, have pointed at the state; they do not only expect to have an effect in the area of political consciousness generation, but also expect to show their influence in any areas that state-planned programs need to be accomplished. (Condra, 2007, p.166).

The appearance of such moderate relation may be because of the utilitarian investigation of state power in realizing civil rights or may be because the adoption of new strategy for citizens or governments to deal with their relations. However, on the extension of such moderate relation, the appearance of new media and its wide application is no doubt a new guiding force. The function of such guiding force is that the wide application of new media has strengthened the foundation of the relaxation of civil rights and state power through enhancing mutual trust between citizens and the government.

The relaxation of civil rights and state power can be voluntary or involuntary. Involuntary relaxation does not fundamentally change the questioning of classical constitutional government theory on the legitimacy of state power and the effort made for dividing civil rights from state power. Relaxation under such status usually because the realization of civil rights depends on the state power to provide more convenient conditions, or the strategy that state power has to make for advertising its "democracy" or the realization of other purposes and the so called "relaxation" is merely "rechtsreflex" of the relation between civil rights and state power. …

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