Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

A Study on Problems and Strategies of Curriculum Resources Development and Utilization by Teachers in Rural Junior Middle School: A Case Study of a County of Sichuan Province in China

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

A Study on Problems and Strategies of Curriculum Resources Development and Utilization by Teachers in Rural Junior Middle School: A Case Study of a County of Sichuan Province in China

Article excerpt

Abstract

Curriculum resources are the source for forming curriculum and the essential condition for curriculum implementation, that is to say, meeting the requirements of curriculum activities. The role and value of the curriculum resources can be realized by practitioners' discovery and effective utilization. What's more, teachers are the subject of developing and utilizing curriculum resources, and their quality determines the identification range, development and utilization degree, and benefit level of curriculum resources. This paper regards junior middle school teachers of a county, Sichuan, as the respondents, in which it has already implemented the curriculum reform. In this way, the rural junior middle school teachers' awareness and ability to develop and utilize curriculum resources and the influencing factors can be known from the aspects of teachers' understanding, requirements and the degree of curriculum resources development and utilization. At last, corresponding suggestions will be put forward.

Key words: Teacher; Curriculum resources; Development and utilization

INTRODUCTION

Main research methods are questionnaire, interview and observation. The respondents of the questionnaire are 220 teachers from 15 junior middle schools of a county, Sichuan. Most of the teachers are between 31 and 45 years old, accounting for 67%; the teachers with the bachelor degree account for 76.4%; the teachers with primary titles and senior titles are 14.9% and 22.4% respectively. The recovery rate of the questionnaire is 95%. Meanwhile the author has observed 20 lessons of all subjects of junior middle school.

1. RESEARCH RESULTS

1.1 Teachers' Awareness of Curriculum Resources

Curriculum resources are the source for forming curriculum and the essential condition for curriculum implementation, which include material resource and conditional resource. The material resource is the direct source of the curriculum, such as knowledge, skills, teaching materials, experience, activity mode, emotional attitude, sense of value, etc.. It also can be divided into predefined resource and non-predefined resource. And the non-predefined resource is generated dynamically. The conditional resource is not the direct source of the curriculum, but to a great extent, it determines the scope and level of the curriculum implementation, such as manpower, materials, facilities, environment, etc.. At the same time, Teachers' awareness of curriculum resources affects the development and utilization of curriculum resources.

The research results show that, regarding the words of "curriculum resources", 78% teachers know them, while 22% don't know much about them. Furthermore, regarding the contents of curriculum resources, teachers favor the material resource, whose contents give obvious bias to predefined resource. That is to say, teachers are easier to identify the explicit resources and resources directly related to teaching contents, such as teaching materials, multimedia equipment, courseware, network resources, etc.. However, fewer teachers choose implicit or out-of-school resources. The teachers who select the community resources account for 54% and they have low recognition to the natural environment, various folk customs, etc.. When asked about the subject of curriculum resources development, 53.4% of the teachers think the subjects are themselves; 11.8% the education experts; 25.5% the administrative department of education. (Base on interview records)

1.2 Teachers' Understanding of the Significance of Curriculum Resources Development

The research results show that 40.3% of teachers highly agree with the significance of curriculum resources development, while 45.3% basically agree with it. During the interview, some teachers said, "it is necessary to develop curriculum resources for them, and the quality of the class is much better when they add some extra corresponding materials besides teaching materials". …

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