Academic journal article American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal

A Logistic Regression Analysis of Poverty Status among Cassava Processors and Marketers in Benue State, Nigeria

Academic journal article American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal

A Logistic Regression Analysis of Poverty Status among Cassava Processors and Marketers in Benue State, Nigeria

Article excerpt

Abstract. This study examined the poverty status among cassava processors and marketers in Benue State, Nigeria. The vicious circle of poverty and unbalanced growth theory were adopted for this study. A survey design was used to obtain cross-sectional data through questionnaires, focused group discussions (FGDs) and oral interviews. The research adopted the multistage random and purposive sampling techniques and obtained a sample size of 380.The study used descriptive statistical tools, Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) Index and logistic regression to analyze the data for this research. The study found that cassava processing and marketing provided income for sampled respondents which helped them in accessing basic needs of life. The study also showed that processing and marketing of cassava in Benue State was faced with several constraints such as lack of modern processing equipment; high cost of processing due to high cost of improved technologies; high transport cost of tubers from production areas to processing centres; lack of credit for processors; and poor access roads in transporting cassava products to market centres among others. The study recommended the following based on findings that there should be provision of improved technologies for processing and infrastructural support for the rural areas; provision of microfinance institutions that could be a source of credit to small-scale rural cassava processing units; development of rural infrastructure such as access roads to enhance accessibility of processors to market centres for sale of their products; government should provide modern processing technologies in key cassava production zones to help convert large quantity of tubers to processed products; extension agents should be employed to train processors on the use and adoption of modern technologies among others.

Keywords: Poverty, Cassava Processing and Marketing, Income, Logistic Regression

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The poverty situation in Nigeria is quite severe. Both the qualitative and quantitative measurements attest to the growing incidence and depth of poverty in the country (NBS, 2004; Okunmadewa, 2002). Recent evidence from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) supports the fact that poverty in Nigeria is on the increase. According to NBS (2010), the national poverty rate of Nigeria increased from 28.1 per cent in 1980 to 54.4 per cent in 2004, and 69.0 per cent in 2010. In addition, the UNDP report of 2009 estimated the Human Poverty Index (HPI) value of Nigeria at 36.2 per cent, ranking the country 114 out of 135 countries measured. This implies that Nigeria is becoming poorer with the passage of time.

To underscore the international concern for this problem, the United Nations declared 1996 as the "International Year for the Eradication of Poverty". Also, October 17 each year has been set aside as "International Day for the Eradication of Poverty" worldwide. The decade 1997 2006 was also declared "United Nations Decade for Eradication of Poverty". In Nigeria, both the government and civil societies have become increasingly aware of the poverty problem. Successive Nigerian governments made several efforts to alleviate poverty, apparently with limited success as the depth and severity of the problem are still at their worst (Hammer and Nasehold, 2000; Barbier, 2000; Okunmadewa, 2002). Poverty in Nigeria is a paradox considering the vast human and physical resources that the country is endowed with. It is even more disturbing given the huge human and material resources that have been devoted to poverty reduction by successive governments. Hence, the need to establish a framework/measure of poverty reduction that can take care of the socio-cultural and economic peculiarities of the target group has become a necessity.

Benue State is predominantly agrarian and poor. The state therefore requires a carefully targeted agricultural strategy to address the problem of poverty. …

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