Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Working Women and Stress Management

Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Working Women and Stress Management

Article excerpt

Mental health is a fundamental component of health through which one realizes one's own cognitive, affective and relational abilities. A healthy mental disposition allows coping well with life's challenges, to work productively and to make a positive contribution to one's community. Mental health has been reported as an important factor influencing individual's various behaviours, activities, happiness and performance. It can be defined as the ability to adjustments to the environment on the plane of reality.

Psychological wellbeing is the generalized mental health outcomes of the complex of interpersonal factors that composes of people's everyday lives (Lawton, et al., 1999). Inmost of the research literature, psychological wellbeing is divided into two important factors i.e. positive affect and negative affect (Lawton, Kleban, Dean, Rajagopal & Parmele, 1992; Watson, Clark and Carry, 1988; Watson and Tellegen, 1985). Positive affect and negative affect and negative represent the affective and emotional components of subjective wellbeing. Psychological wellbeing resides within the experience of the individual (Campbell et al., 1976). It is person's evaluative reaction to his or her life-either in terms of life satisfaction or affect.

Psychological wellbeing is being able to think clearly, having good self esteem, and enjoying a general feeling of well being. It includes creativity, problem solving and emotional stability. It can be defined as adjustment of individuals to themselves and the world at large with minimum of effectiveness, satisfaction cheer fullness and socially considerate behaviour and ability effacing and accepting the realties of life. Researchers have identified various factors affecting psychological well being. The present research is an attempt to study psychological wellbeing in relation to personal belief and organizational climate. Working women have to play multiple roles particularly in Indian society. These working women play a dual role in the family and the workplace, they experience a sustained stress to cope in both the conditions and hence their mental wellbeing gets affected (Mukhopadhyay, 1997).

Presently, after liberalization, there has been a significant increase in working women, including those who have young children, in various sectors. In addition to a significant shift towards jobs, these changes also put pressure on employed women to change the way they have traditionally performed, personal beliefs towards working conditions, child care functions and towards other social obligations. Working women have a perform multiple roles and thus have much psychological distress. There are many personal, organizational and external factors that influence the daily perception of working women in organizations. Many women are employed and manage both marital life and career. They take-up nontraditional roles and have developed a new outlook of life. With the increasing competitiveness women are also facing many challenges in jobs. There are many challenges in the work environments, characterized by heightened competition, lack of time, more uncontrollable factors, lack of space, continuous technological development, conflicting demands from organizational stakeholders (Hall & Savery. 1986), increased use of participatory management and computerization (Murray and Forbes, 1986), greater uncertainty, and other have resulted in higher job stress. Women particularly are more vulnerable to all this. Despite these there is need to be addressed the problem of stress management in organizational climate.

Stress is the psychological and physiological reaction that takes place when one perceives an imbalance in the level of demand placed on the capacity to meet that demand on individuals.

Stress is an inevitable concomitant of organizational life. It source in an organization is task or role related. An organization being a network of roles performed in interconnected positions is dynamic in nature. …

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