Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Promoting Personal Profile of Adolescents through Life Skills Training Programme

Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Promoting Personal Profile of Adolescents through Life Skills Training Programme

Article excerpt

Adolescence is a vital stage of human life, characterized by rapid physiological changes, psychological changes and psycho social maturation. They experience more complex world than their elders. The adolescent boys and girls extend their relationship beyond their family and intensely influenced by their peers and outside world. Thus the researchers need to focus more on adolescent's positive behavior as it's a period of increased potentials and also vulnerable to high risk behavior. Petersen 1988 states that adolescence has been described as a phase of life beginning in biology and ending in society. "Adolescence is now recognized as a distinct stage of life that adds unique contribution to a person's growth (Morris, 1982).

Various research studies on adolescent's behaviour undertaken in our Indian Universities as well as in Universities abroad bring out the fact that this period in the child i.e. of great importance for educational attainment and development of social relationship. This is the essential period for the adolescent's to know about themselves and being stable emotionally.

There has been an increasing interest in emotional intelligence and numbers of studies were proven the effect of emotional intelligence promotes positive behavior. Emotional intelligence has four elements: understanding self, managing self (self-restraint, self-motivation), and understanding others (Empathy), and managing others (social skills). Understanding and managing the self also include examining one's own orientation and changing it to be more effective. Emotions or feelings have both a physiological component and a cognitive element that influence behaviour. Intelligence is the capacity to understand the world, think rationally and use resources effectively when faced with challenges. Emotional intelligence refers to the ability required for efficient living.

Salovey (1990) was, however, first to use the term "emotional intelligence". He suggested five domains of emotional intelligence. 1. knowing one's emotions,2. managing emotions, 3. motivating oneself, 4. recognizing emotions in others, and 5. handling relationships.

Goleman's popular books (1995 & 1997) spell out fur dimensions of emotional intelligence, although he does mention some others. An important element in emotional intelligence is optimisim, so well researched by Seligman (1991). Optimism, according to Seligman, is an attitude that buffers people from falling into apathy and hopelessness. Like hope, optimism means having a strong expectation that, in general, things well turn out alright in life despite setbacks and frustrations. People who are optimistic perceive the cause of failure to be something that can be changed. Optimism has been found to be critical for success in various pursuits like academic work, business, health, politics, sport and religion.

Goleman (1999) suggested 25 competencies 12 personal and 13 social for the following 5 dimension of emotional intelligence.

* Self-awareness : Emotional awareness, accurate self-assessment, self-confidence.

* Self-regulation: Self-control, trustworthiness, conscientiousness, adaptability, innovation.

* Motivation : Achievement drive, commitment, initiative, and optimism.

* Empathy: Understanding others, developing others, service orientation, leveraging diversity, political awareness.

* Social skills: Influence, communication, conflict management, leadership, change catalyst, building bonds, collaboration and cooperation.

Based on Salovey's concept and research findings reported by Seligman and others, the following aspects of emotional intelligence have been used in developing this instrument Personal Profile.

Self-awareness: includes one's ability to recognize and understand one's own moods, emotions, and drives, and to accept one's own self with one's strengths and weaknesses.

Self-management : includes one's ability to redirect and control one's disruptive impulses and moods; judge how others might feel, before taking any action; and postpone gratification of immediate needs for longterm goals. …

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