Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Yoga, Meditation and Soothing Humor: A Healthy Way to Handle Work Place Stress

Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Yoga, Meditation and Soothing Humor: A Healthy Way to Handle Work Place Stress

Article excerpt

Stress is a negative consequence of modem living. In an age of highly dynamic and competitive world, man is exposed to all kinds of stressors that can affect him on all realms of Ufe. Selye (1936) first introduced the term stress into life science. The term stress is derived from the Latin word "Stringere" which means to be drawn tight. Stress is a complex, dynamic process of interaction between a person and his or her life.

Eminent behavioral scientist Robbins (2006) define it as: stress arises from an opportunity, demand, constraint, threat or challenge, when the outcomes of the event are important and uncertain. Organisations do not have any formal process for handling concerns or grievances relating to stress. We also hear too often that we should leam to deal! or copell with stress at work. This implies that workplace stress is normal and that we need to manage! or handle! stress and just get on with the job. This view of stress is wrong. Negligence towards the stress of employees at workplace would lose the organization a lot in term of efficiency, productivity, Medical bills, compensation etc. The events produce distress-the degree of physiological, psychological, and behavioral deviation from healthy functioning. There is also positive side of stress, called eustress, which refers to the healthy, positive, constructive outcome of stressful events and the stress response. Eustress is the stress experience in moderation, enough to activate and motivate people so that they can achieve goals, change their environments and succeed in life's challenges. Employees frequently experience enough stress to hurt their job performance and increase their risk of mental and physical health problems. So, the main focus is more on distress than eustress. Job stress can be defined as the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker. Job stress can lead to poor health and even injury (Sauter et al., 1999). Hence we can say that stress is a silent killer and prolonged exposure to stress may exert harmful effect on physical, Psychological and behavioral well being of an individual. And organization must implement effective stress management techniques in order to maintain the productivity of the organization with Stress free employees. This research focuses on use of Yoga, Meditation and soothing humor as stress management techniques for a stress free organization.

Stress in the workplace had emerged as a major issue for businesses and it has reached alarming proportions. According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 80 percent of workers experience job stress. According to David Fontana: Stress is a demand made upon the adaptive capacities of the mind & body. The stress response is a complex emotion that produces physiological changes to prepare us for fight or flight. To defend ourselves from the threat or flee from it was quoted by WalterCannon(1932). Keeley and Harcourt (2001) revealed that stress is caused by heavy work demands in the job itself, which the unskilled employee with little control over how the work is done, cannot adapt to or modify. Kulkami (2006) said that rapid change of the modem working life is associated with increasing demands of learning new skills, need to adopt to new types of work, pressure of higher productivity and quality of work, time pressure and hectic jobs are increasing stress among the workforce. Further, he added that privatization and globalization has ignited mergers, acquisitions, and precarious employment has critically affected the domestic industry. Stress that an employee encounters affects the productivity of organization (Bhattachaijee, 2009).Team morale and company productivity is also adversely affected. Thus, stress is both a friend and a foe. (Batliwala, 1990).

Studies of stress in the work environment tend to focus on psychosocial influences in the environment. …

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