Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Antimicrobial Activity of Lavandula Angustifolia Mill. Essential Oil

Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Antimicrobial Activity of Lavandula Angustifolia Mill. Essential Oil

Article excerpt

Background: Lavandula genus, the member of Lamiaceae family comprises thirty known species among which Lavandu- la angustifolia is economically important in toiletries and per- fumery industries. L. angustifolia is commonly known in Iran as "Ostokhoddous" and is rich of essential oil. L. angustifolia oil has several medicinal and biological properties such as antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, sedative, anti- inflammatory and analgesic, anthelmintic agent.

Methods: The aim of this research was to evaluate the chem- ical composition of L. angustifolia oil by GC and GC-MS and its antimicrobial activity by disc diffussion and microbroth dilutution in vitro condition.

Results: GC and GC-MS analysis of essential oil showed the presence of 1,8-cineole (34.8%), borneol (24.6%), camphor (10.4%) as the main components. The antimicrobial evalua- tion by disc diffusion and microbroth dilution against S. aure- us, S. saprophyticus, B. cereus, E. coli, S. typhimurium, C. albicans, A. …

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