Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

THE PREVALENCE OF BOVINE IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS IN WEST-CENTRAL Iran AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH BRUCELLOSIS RATES AS A PREDISPOSING FACTOR

Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

THE PREVALENCE OF BOVINE IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS IN WEST-CENTRAL Iran AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH BRUCELLOSIS RATES AS A PREDISPOSING FACTOR

Article excerpt

Background: Bovine immunodeficiency virus (BIV) is an immunosuppressive pathogen. In recent years, it has been hypothesized that infection with BIV, might predispose cattle to be infected by other agents. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of BIV infection on the susceptibility to Brucella infection and also changing some cattle health indi- ces.

Methods: In this study, a total of 2290 blood samples col- lected from cattle housed in non-industrial (n=490) and in- dustrial (n=1800) dairy farms respectively from Isfahan and Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari provinces, Iran. The BIV positive animals were detected by Lab- ELISA and nested PCR tests.

Results: In this study, the overall prevalence of BIV in Iran was 1.61% (4.5% and 0.83% in non- industrial and in dustrial dairy farms, respectively). …

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