Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

NOCTURNAL ACTIVITY OF SAND FLIES (DIPTERA: PSYCHODIDAE) AND THEIR MONTHLY LEPTOMONAD INFECTION IN CHABAHAR COUNTY, SISTAN-BALUCHISTAN PROVINCE, SOUTHEAST OF Iran

Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

NOCTURNAL ACTIVITY OF SAND FLIES (DIPTERA: PSYCHODIDAE) AND THEIR MONTHLY LEPTOMONAD INFECTION IN CHABAHAR COUNTY, SISTAN-BALUCHISTAN PROVINCE, SOUTHEAST OF Iran

Article excerpt

Background: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is one of the most important vector-borne diseases in Iran. Phlebotomus papatasi and P. salehi are reported as vectors of the disease in southeast of the country. The nocturnal activity of these spe- cies and their monthly leptomonad infection rates was stud- ied in Chabahar County.

Methods: Sand flies were collected using sticky-paper traps at 2 - hours intervals from rodent burrows during May- October.

Results: A total of 9367 sand flies from four species of Phlebotomus and Sergentomyia genera were collected in the study of nocturnal activity. The most sand flies were collected in the first third of the night (7: 00-11: 00 PM), although there was seasonal variation in the nocturnal activity of different species. A total of 1132 female sand flies due to two species of P. papatasi and P. salehi were dissected. Totally 2.1% of P. papatasi and 1.07% of P. …

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