Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

The Prevalence and the Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Bacterial Agents Isolated from Patients with Burn Infections in Imam Khomeini Hospital in Kermanshah 2009-20012

Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

The Prevalence and the Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Bacterial Agents Isolated from Patients with Burn Infections in Imam Khomeini Hospital in Kermanshah 2009-20012

Article excerpt

Background: The burn wounds provide bacteria with an enriched environment to grow and multiplication. Bacterial infections are responsible for more 50% of mortality associ- ated with burned patients. The aim of this study was to de- termine the prevalence and the antibiotic susceptibility pat- tern of bacterial agents isolated from patients with burn in- fections in Imam Khomeini Hospital in Kermanshah from 2009 to 2012.

Methods: In this descriptive study, 200 samples were taken from patients and tested for bacterial infections. The samples were cultured on EMB and Blood agar. The bacterial agents then were identified using bacteriological and biochemical tests. Their susceptibility to antibiotics was assessed using disk diffusion method. The data were analyzed using SPSS software.

Results: Of 200 tested samples, 123 cases (61.5%) were posi- tive culture at least for one bacteria. The high frequency in- fections were wound and urinary tract infections. The most common isolated bacteria were Citrobacter freundii (45.1%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (18.7%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (13.2%). The results of antibiotic susceptibility testing showed the maximum resistance for cephalexin and mini- mum for imipenem, ciprofloxacin and gentamycin. …

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