Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Bacterial Pathogens Causing Urinary Tract Infection in Besat Hospital of Sanandaj, 2012-2013

Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Bacterial Pathogens Causing Urinary Tract Infection in Besat Hospital of Sanandaj, 2012-2013

Article excerpt

Background: The present study aimed to ascertain the cur- rent situation of antimicrobial resistance of Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) caused by human pathogens in the Besat hospital of Sanandaj to provide data to help direct empirical therapy

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, Referring to Na- tional Guide to Clinical Laboratory Procedures, all isolates of pathogenic bacteria causing urinary tract infections in besat hospital of Sanandaj in 2012 and 2013 were cultured and identified; the Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was ana- lyzed by disc diffusion method using different antibiotics and their zone of inhibition was measured.

Results: From January 2012 to December 2013, 782 patients with UTIs identified that 596 (76.2%) of them were female and 379 (48.46%) were fromin-patients. 717 and 65 from them were Gram-negative and Gram-positive, respectively. Among 700 case of Gram-positive Pathogens (except Pseu- domonas) 606 cases (86.4%) were E.coli. Percent of E. coli sensitivity to Antibiotics as follows: Ampicillin 18.7%, Na- lidixicAsid 45.86%, Nitrofurantoin 81.23%, Cotrimoxazole 41.22%, Amicacin 84.69%, Norfloxacin 70.33%, Cephotax- ime 67.89%, Ciprofloxacin 75.30%, Gentamicin 73.74%, Cefrizoxime 80.93%, Tetracycline 39.21%, Ceftriaxone 69.29%, Ceftazidime 75.87%, Imipenem 74. …

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