Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Anti-Candida Activity of Trachyspermum Ammi Essential Oil on Azoles Resistant Candida Albicans Isolates from Oral Cavity of Hiv+ Patients

Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Anti-Candida Activity of Trachyspermum Ammi Essential Oil on Azoles Resistant Candida Albicans Isolates from Oral Cavity of Hiv+ Patients

Article excerpt

Background: Oral candidiasis, caused by Candida albicans, is one of the most common infections in immunocompromised patients, especially in HIV+ individuals.The aims of this study were to evaluate the susceptibility of C. albicans isolates to azole drugs and Trachyspermum ammi essential oil.

Methods: Oral swabs were cultured from 70 HIV+ patients and In order to identify and confirm of C. albicans isolates, Chrom agar, Corn meal agar, germ tube production, carbohydrate assimilation, growth at 45°C and PCR were performed. Sensivity to fluconazol, ketoconazole and clotrimazol were assessed by disc diffusion and also the effect of T.ammi essential oil was determined by disc diffusion and microdilution broth methods.

Results: The causative agent, in 50 patients with oral candidiasis, was C. albicans (71.4%). In sensivity determination survey to antifungal drugs, the resistance of isolates to fluconazole, ketoconazole and clotrimazole were determined 32%, 28% and 14%, respectively. In disc diffusion, all isolates have an acceptable sensivity at 10 - 20 µL of the oil and 30 µL inhibit the growth completely in plate. …

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