Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Anti-Bacterial Effect of Zataria Multiflora Boiss Essential Oil on Eight Standard Species of Gastro Intestinal Pathogens

Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

Anti-Bacterial Effect of Zataria Multiflora Boiss Essential Oil on Eight Standard Species of Gastro Intestinal Pathogens

Article excerpt

Background: Due to worldwide development of antibiotic resistance, the tendency to herbal medicine has grown in re- cent years. Antibacterial substances derived from plants have many applications in controlling microorganisms. Thyme plant scientifically called Zataria multiflora Boiss is a matter of research and debate for its pharmaceutical and antibacteri- al effects. We aimed to study antibacterial effects of Zataria multiflora Boiss on 8 standard bacterial strains.

Methods: In this experimental study, the essential oil was extracted by steam distillation by means of clevenger appa- ratus. Using broth micro-dilution testing, minimum inhibito- ry concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentra- tion (MBC) of thyme essential oil were determined against 8 standard bacterial strains. This exam was repeated for three times. The results were analyzed by SPSS, v. 16 using one- way ANOVA, Tukey and T statistical tests.

Results: The MIC found for Zataria multiflora Boiss essen- tial oil showed a significant difference (p<0. …

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