Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED METHICILLIN-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS NASAL COLONIZATION PREVALENCE; A PROSPECTIVE STUDY IN Iran

Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED METHICILLIN-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS NASAL COLONIZATION PREVALENCE; A PROSPECTIVE STUDY IN Iran

Article excerpt

Background: Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is a serious pathogen and its nasal carriage is a risk factor for subsequent infections. This study aims at determining the prevalence of and risk factors for CA-MRSA colonization at the time of hospital admission in our community.

Methods: Anterior nares cultures were obtained from pa- tients coming to the emergency department of Loghman Hakim hospital in Tehran within 24 hours of admission. An- tibiotic susceptibility tests (E-Test) were performed. A posi- tive culture of MRSA within 24 hours of admission was con- sidered as CA-MRSA. Data analysis was performed for as- sessment of associations between culture results and risk factors.

Results: 56 (14%) and 11(2.7%) of 400 patients had a nares culture positive for S.aureus and MRSA respectively. HIV infection (P value=.001), nursing homes residence (P val- ue=. …

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