Academic journal article Studia Psychologica

Personal Need for Structure, Counterfactual Thinking and Decision Making in Women

Academic journal article Studia Psychologica

Personal Need for Structure, Counterfactual Thinking and Decision Making in Women

Article excerpt

Abstract: The aim of the study is to clarify the mutual relationships between personal need for structure, counterfactual thinking and decision making styles. The research sample comprised 76 university students. The following scales were administered: Personal Need for Structure (PNS), Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire (MDMQ), Decision Making Style Questionnaire (DMSQ) and Counterfactual Thinking Questionnaire (CT). Results revealed that personal need for structure and its subfactors do not affect an individual's behavior in the decision making process, but they do affect the decision making style when it comes to the desire for structure or the response to the lack thereof. A strong desire for structure is more related to a more frequent use of rational and dependent decision making style, while a weak response to the lack of structure is related to a more frequent use of the intuitive decision making style and less frequent avoidance decision making style. Additionally, the results show that counterfactual thinking characteristics are related mainly to maladaptive styles of decision making behavior.

Key words: personal need for structure, decision making style, decision making beha vior, cou nterfactu al think ing

OSOBNÁ POTREBA STRUKTÚRY, KONTRAFAKTOVÉ MYSLENIE A ROZHODOVANIE U ZIEN

A. P r o k o p c á k o v á

Sú hrn : Cielom stú die je prispiet k objasneniu vzájomných vztahov potreby struk túry, kontrafaktového myslenia a stýlov rozhodovania. Výskumný výber tvorilo 76 vysok oskolských stu dentiek . Administrovali sme sk ály: Osobná potreba struktúry (PNS), Melbou rnsk ý dotazník ro zho dov a ni a ( MDM Q), D ot a zn ík rozhodova cieho stýlu (D MSQ ) a dot azn ík Pre mýsla n ie o neu sk u tocnených a lterna tíva ch riesenia (KM). Zistili sme, ze potreba stru k túry a jej zlozk y neovplyvnujú spôsob sprá va nia sa jednotlivcov pri rozhodovacom procese, ale ovplyvnu jú stýl rozhodovania, a to diferencovane v zá vislosti od toho, ci sledujeme zelanie struktúry alebo reakciu na chýba nie struk túry. Silné zelanie struktúry súvisí s castejsím pou zívaním racioná lneho a závislého stýlu rozhodovania, zatial co slabá reakcia na chýbanie struktú ry súvisí s ca stejsím pou zívaním intu itívneho stýlu rozhodovania a zriedkavejsím vyhýbavým stýlom rozhodovania . Ok rem toho sme zistili, ze charakteristiky kontrafaktového myslenia súvisia na jmä s ma l- a da pt ív ny mi stý l mi spr á v a n ia sa p ri r oz ho dova ní.

People live in a complicated world of infor- mation. Large amounts of information that flood human senses and a limited capacity of one's concentration raise the important question of information processing. With- out pr ocessi n g th e stimuli affectin g a person's senses, the world would be an un- imaginable chaos for him/her.

In the process of mutual interaction with the environment, a person forms structural representations of the inner and outer worlds and categorizes events into meaningful units that can be helpful in adapting to new situa- tions and understanding individual events without extreme cognitive strain.

The subject matter of cognitive structur- ing relates, to a considerable degree, to per- sonal need for structure, cognitive decision making, choice of alternatives (even past or future ones), categorization, etc., and re- searchers look for determinants (e.g., person- ality characteristics) which are concerned with the preferred way of information pro- cessing, decision making and coping strate- gies.

PERSONAL NEED FOR STRUCTURE

If the primary motive for categorization is to provide structure, and if there are indi- vidual differences in the manner and extent how people categorize their social world, then one of the variables differentiating individu- als is personal need for structure. In reality, personal need for structure is one of the motives that can automatically influence per- ception and behavior due to its ability to di- rect cognition and behavior in various situa- tions. …

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