Academic journal article Advances in Management

Stress Management among Bus Drivers: An Empirical Study

Academic journal article Advances in Management

Stress Management among Bus Drivers: An Empirical Study

Article excerpt

Abstract

Stress is our body's way of responding to any kind of demand. When people feel stressed by something going on around them, their bodies react by releasing chemicals into the blood. These chemicals give people more energy and strength which can be a good thing if their stress is caused by physical danger. But this can also be a bad thing if their stress is in response to something emotional and there is no outlet for this extra energy and strength. Stresses caused by sleepiness and physical work are known to be the issues among professional drivers as they compromise it for safe and economic driving. The main factors contributing to driver sleepiness were night time driving, insufficient sleep prior to shift, long shift duration and high perceived sleep need. A survey was conducted among 50 professional bus drivers in the study area and quantitative data was developed.

Keywords: Sleepiness, night time driving, insufficient sleep, long shift duration.

Introduction

Considerable progress has been made in recent years in improving health and safety at work. For many people work does not take place in a fixed location but involves a large number of tasks associated with the control of a vehicle and exposed to all the hazards of a heavily trafficked environment. For those who drive Lorries and buses, there has been deterioration over the last 20 years in work conditions. This deterioration is largely the result of traffic congestion and its associated air and noise pollution but also with the pressures of maintaining a demanding schedule in circumstances that make that task almost impossible.

A lorry or bus driver is at the sharp end of the failure of our transport system. Buses find it almost impossible to maintain schedules and the pressure on lorry drivers to meet demanding schedules is intense. The driver in both circumstances has to absorb the failures of the transport system in the form of increased stress levels, conflict with customers and the intensification of a wide range of work pressures in a hostile environment. These circumstances damage the health of drivers in a way that is unacceptable. The objectives of this report are to review the evidence on the work related health problems of drivers and to make recommendations for a significant improvement in the working environment of this neglected group of professionals.

Stress

Stress is a general term applied to various mental and physiological pressures experienced by people felt in their lives. Stress can be positive or negative. Stress can be positive when the situation offers an opportunity for a person to gain something. It acts as a motivator for peak performance. Stress can be negative when a person faces social, physical, organizational and emotional problems.

Methods to manage Stress

Stress is inevitable. It walks in and out of our lives on a regular basis. And it can easily walk all over us unless we take action. Fortunately, there are many things you can do to minimize and cope with stress. Here are 10 ideas for handling stress without causing more strain and hassle.

1. Figure out where the stress is coining from: Oftentimes, when we are stressed, it seems like a big mess with stressors appearing from every angle. We start to feel like we are playing a game of dodge ball, ducking and darting so we do not get smacked by a barrage of balls. We take a defensive position and not a good one at that. By getting specific and pinpointing the stressors in your life, you are one step closer to getting organized and taking action.

2. Consider what you can control-and work on that: While you cannot control what your boss does, what your in-laws say or the sour state of the economy, you can control how you react, how you accomplish work, how you spend your time and what you spend your money on. The worst thing for stress is trying to take control over uncontrollable things. Because when you inevitably fail, since it is beyond your control, you only get more stressed out and feel helpless. …

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