Academic journal article International Research Journal of Arts and Humanities

Teaching of English in an Islamic Education Based English-Medim Institute: A Programme Evaluation

Academic journal article International Research Journal of Arts and Humanities

Teaching of English in an Islamic Education Based English-Medim Institute: A Programme Evaluation

Article excerpt

Introduction

There is a huge setup of Islamized or religion based education systems in Pakistan. English being the lingua-ffanca at international level for business and communication has been focused in almost all education systems. The most of the systems have adopted English as a medium of instruction (MOI). One particular Islamic based education system was focused by the researchers in this study. This education system is spread all over Pakistan. Only one institution was selected for the program evaluation. These institutions are working as alternatives for those religiously motivated people who can not spare their children for Madrassa education. English as a medium of instruction along with religious education is the main motivating factor for these people. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the status of English language teaching in these kinds of institutions. An evaluation in respect of syllabus, teachers, teaching methodology, text books and testing procedures was carried out. A detailed semi-structured interview of the chief administrator, a number of meetings with the supervisor of the Karachi zone, over all interaction with teaching staff, interviews of the teachers and students, played a vital role in the evaluation of the program.

Rationale

The motivation at the back this study was to explore the reasons behind the success or failures of an English Language Teaching program in an Islamic education based institution, where English was used as medium of instruction, and to suggest recommendations in accordance with the findings of the study. This study would help the administrators to know the merits and demerits of an English Language Teaching (ELT) program for its effective implementation in future.

Research Questions

This study was meant to find answers to the following research questions:

1. Whether there was proper English Language Teaching (ELT) syllabus or not?

2. How the syllabus was managed with respect to different levels of the students?

3. How the material in the form of text books was selected or prepared and whether it fulfilled the requirement of the syllabus or not?

4. Which criterion was followed for the selection of an English Language Teaching (ELT) teacher?

5. How much teachers and students were satisfied with the syllabus?

6. What methods were used for testing the language proficiency of the students?

7. What kinds of teaching methods were used by the teachers?

8. Whether students are satisfied with the teaching methodology of the teachers or not?

Literature Review

According to Lynch (1996) program evaluation is an important and difficult work in any field, and language education is no exception. The goal is sometime, to evaluate a program's effectiveness in absolute terms, sometime to assess its equality against that of comparable programs and sometime both. In ideal circumstances evaluations receive cooperation from all parties and provide useful information to insiders on how their work can be improved while offering accountability to outsider stakeholders, such as host institutions, governments and financial sponsors.

In order to proceed further in program evaluation following definitions are important:

Applied Linguistics

Applied Linguistics (AL) as an emerging academic discipline and has been the subject of recent discussions. AL is the research and practice concerned with the application of knowledge and methods from a variety of disciplines that is anthropology, sociology, linguistics, psychology and education to the range of issues concerning the development and use of language.

Evaluation

It is defined as the systematic attempt to gather information in order to make judgment or decision. As such, evaluative information can be both qualitative and quantitative in form and can be gathered through different methods such as observations or the administration of pencilpaper tests. …

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